The effect of co-morbid anxiety on remission from depression for people participating in a randomised controlled trial of the Friendship Bench intervention in Zimbabwe - Abas MA, Weiss HA, Simms V, Verhey R, Rusakaniko S, Araya R, Chibanda D.

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data from low- and middle-income countries on whether anxiety independently predicts a more chronic course for depression. Methods: We undertook secondary data analysis of a cluster randomised controlled trial in Zimbabwe...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

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Authors: McCrady BS, Epstein EE, Fokas KF Abstract Women with alcohol use disorder (AUD) experience more barriers to AUD treatment and are less likely to access treatment than men with AUD. A literature review identified several barriers to women seeking help: low perception of a need for treatment; guilt and shame; co-occurring disorders; employment, economic, and health insurance disparities; childcare responsibilities; and fear of child protective services. Women entering treatment present with more severe AUD and more complex psychological, social, and service needs than men. Treatment program elements that may...
Source: Alcohol Research - Category: Addiction Tags: Alcohol Res Source Type: research
Authors: Allataifeh E, Khalil H, AlMhdawi K, Al-Shorman A, Hawamdeh Z, El-Salem K, Bumin G Abstract BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a huge impact on patients and affects their ability to participate in meaningful activities. OBJECTIVE: To identify motor and non-motor factors that are associated with the participation level in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), leisure, social and religious activities in people with MS. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 110 individuals with MS. The used outcome measures are: Arabic version of the Activity Card Sort, Berg Balance Scale,...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
Conclusion: The study outcomes show that the prevalence of depression in women with HIV was 32.5%, but they were more likely to be depressed if they were illiterate, divorced, unemployed or had a financial burden. In addition, HIV positive women with less CD4 cell count and in the final clinical stage or suffered from a co-infection were also associated with depressive symptoms. This signifies the public health implications of psychological and cognitive morbidities of the illness among these women with chronic illnesses. Hence, future mental health interventions and HIV care should be integrated with substantial emphasis ...
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research
AbstractThe role of platelets in hemostasis and thrombosis has long been recognized, recently their contribution to immunological and inflammatory processes is emerging. Platelets could be the missing link between cardiovascular disease, chronic stress and depressive symptoms. Both physical and mental stressors cause platelet activation reflected by changes in platelet bioactivity and aggregation. Here we evaluate the proinflammatory platelet response to acute and chronic mental stress. In a prospective study design an acute mental stress test was administered to 55 healthy male participants once without and once in the pr...
Source: Journal of NeuroImmune Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
While the capability to diagnose cancer and heart problems has advanced by giant steps in recent years, methods to detect depression have stubbornly stayed the same for more than a century: Observe patients, and ask them how they are doing.UCLA has launched a major new study, sponsored by and in collaboration with Apple, designed to help revolutionize detection and treatment of depression.The three-year study, which begins this week, was co-designed by researchers at UCLA and Apple to obtain objective measures of factors such as sleep, physical activity, heart rate and daily routines to illuminate the relationship between ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Conditions:   Anxiety;   Depression;   Stress, Psychological;   Loneliness;   Social Isolation Intervention:   Sponsors:   Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile;   Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, Chile Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Stress;   Anxiety;   Depression;   Mindfulness Intervention:   Behavioral: Mindfulness Sponsor:   University of Alberta Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Anyone who would consider this year to be roughly the same as usual must be living in a cave somewhere deep in the wilderness. Because for just about every person on earth, it’s been different from any other year in (almost) living memory. And it’s only August. Woof. I might venture to say that for me, a self-employed artist and writer, 2020 has been possibly even more different than for the average person weathering these strange times. January gave the year a dour beginning, as it ended with the death of my canine best friend of more than a decade. Then in mid-March I gave birth to my first child, on the same...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Books Motivation and Inspiration Personal coronavirus COVID-19 cultivating optimism Motherhood pandemic Perspective Positive perspective quarantine radical acceptance Source Type: blogs
Authors: Baron JE, Westermann RW, Bedard NA, Willey MC, Lynch TS, Duchman KR Abstract Background: The use of hip arthroscopy (HA) for the management of intra-articular hip pathology has increased greatly, with a 600% increase in utilization from 2006-2010. Studies have demonstrated good to excellent outcomes in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome. However, some patients undergoing primary hip arthroscopy will require revision hip arthroscopy (revision HA) or conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the a...
Source: Iowa orthopaedic journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Iowa Orthop J Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have been reported to ameliorate anxiety and mood disorders in animal models. Cohort links between ARB use and suicide risk in humans require clarification. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National He...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news
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