Comment on: Deletion of c ‐Jun N‐terminal Kinase Enhances Senescence in Joint Tissues and Increases the Severity of Age‐Related Osteoarthritis in Mice

AbstractOsteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease, characterized by destruction of articular cartilage. This disease can markedly reduce quality of life of OA patients, leading to increased physical and psychological damage, for instance, pain and disability, and causing a serious impact on social economy.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

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Authors: Alahdal M, Duan L, Ouyang H, Wang D Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease and a leading cause of disability. It involves articular cartilage destruction and a whole joint inflammation. In spite of OA pathogenesis is still unclear, new studies on the OA pathophysiological aetiology and immunomodulation therapy continuously achieve significant advances with new concepts. Here, we focus on the indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase1 (IDO1) activity in the osteoarthritis (OA), which is one of the noticeable enzymes in the synovial fluid of arthritis patients. It was recognized as an essenti...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Authors: Borisovskaya A, Chmelik E, Karnik A Abstract In this chapter, we describe the impact and etiology of chronic pain, the associated changes in the nervous system, and the mechanisms by which exercise may be able to affect and reverse these changes. Evidence for efficacy of exercise in different conditions associated with chronic pain is presented, with focus on chronic low back pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and migraines. While the efficacy of exercise and level of evidence supporting it vary in different diseases, exercise has direct and indirect benefits for most patients suffer...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
If you have chronic arthritis pain, you may be wondering about cannabidiol (CBD) as a treatment. CBD, along with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other chemicals, is found in marijuana. But unlike THC, CBD is not “psychoactive” — that is, it does not cause the intoxication or high associated with marijuana use. There’s a good chance you’ve tried it already: according to a Gallup poll in August of 2019, about 14% of Americans report using CBD products, and the number one reason is pain. The Arthritis Foundation conducted its own poll and found that 29% reported current use of CBD (mostly ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Arthritis Complementary and alternative medicine Drugs and Supplements Marijuana Pain Management Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis is a comprehensive literature review of the available evidence and techniques of foot injections for chronic pain conditions. It briefly describes common foot chronic pain syndromes and then reviews available injection techniques for each of these syndromes, weighing the available evidence and comparing the available approaches.Recent FindingsFoot and ankle pain affects 20% of the population over 50 and significantly impairs mobility and ability to participate in activities of daily living (ADLs), as well as increases fall risk. It is commonly treated with costly surgery, at times with questio...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
iz ML Abstract Joint conditions pose an important public health problem as they are a leading cause of pain, functional limitation and physical disability. Oxidative stress is related to the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases affecting the joints such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Cells have developed adaptive protection mechanisms to maintain homeostasis such as nuclear factor erythroid 2 (NF-E2)-related transcription factor (Nrf2) which regulates the transcription of many genes involved in redox balance, detoxification, metabolism and inflammation. Activation of Nrf2 results in the synthesis of ...
Source: Free Radical Biology and Medicine - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Free Radic Biol Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, with study of the frailty syndrome still in its infancy, frailty analysis remains a major challenge. It is a challenge that needs to be overcome in order to shed light on the multiple mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this syndrome. Although several mechanisms contribute to frailty, immune system alteration seems to play a central role: this syndrome is characterized by increased levels of pro-inflammatory markers and the resulting pro-inflammatory status can have negative effects on various organs. Future studies should aim to better clarify the immune system alteration in frailty, and seek to esta...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: These findings support the hypothesis that in FM a deteriorated function of cortical inhibition, indexed by a higher SICI parameter, a lower function of the DPMS, together with a higher level of BDNF indicate that FM has different pathological substrates from depression. They suggest that an up-regulation phenomenon of intracortical inhibitory networks associated with a disruption of the DPMS function occurs in FM. Introduction Major depressive disorder (MDD) and fibromyalgia (FM) present overlapped symptoms. Although the connection between these two disorders has not been elucidated yet, the disruption...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Arthritis is a common cause of chronic musculoskeletal pain and disability; especially across ageing populations. Arthritis has traditionally been classified as either inflammatory (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis; RA) or non-inflammatory (e.g. osteoarthritis; OA, the commonest reason for joint replacement surgery). RA is a systemic, autoimmune condition with a predilection for synovial joints of the hands and feet. Synovitis (inflammation of the joint lining) contributes to pain, and also leads to joint damage.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Investigation of Lake Hévíz Mineral Water Balneotherapy and Hévíz Mud Treatment in Murine Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Models. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018;2018:4816905 Authors: Tékus V, Borbély É, Kiss T, Perkecz A, Kemény Á, Horváth J, Kvarda A, Pintér E Abstract Arthritic diseases are the most frequent causes of chronic pain and disability. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by synovial inflammation and progressive structural joint damage. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
ConclusionIt is the first COPCORD study in an urban native population living at high altitude in Peru. The population affected by chronic rheumatic disease preferred professional rather than traditional care; this population had access to limited medical services. Impaired functional capacity measured by HAQ was associated with advanced age.ResumenObjetivoEstimar la prevalencia de manifestaciones musculoesqueléticas y discapacidad en la población urbana habitante a gran altura de Juliaca, Puno, Perú; utilizando el cuestionario COPCORD y HAQ-DI.MétodosSe realizó un estudio transversal en m...
Source: Reumatologia Clinica - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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