Multidrug resistance and diversity of resistance profiles in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli throughout a wastewater treatment plant in Colombia

Publication date: September 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 22Author(s): E.A. Rodríguez, L.M. Garzón, I.D. Gómez, J. Natalia Jiménez
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Publication date: September 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 22Author(s): Sara E. Boyd, Anupama Vasudevan, Luke S.P. Moore, Christopher Brewer, Mark Gilchrist, Ceire Costelloe, Anthony C. Gordon, Alison H. Holmes
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Lactobacillus species play an important role in the host and although they are non-pathogenic, they could act as reservoirs for antibiotic resistance genes, with the potential risk of transfer to other bacteria inhabiting the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to identify Lactobacillus species derived from feces of domesticated pigeons and to characterize their phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles. A total of 57 Lactobacillus isolates were classified into six species using the MALDI-TOF technique and 16S rDNA restriction analysis. Strains of L. ingluviei (31%), L...
Source: Anaerobe - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Anaerobe Source Type: research
This study collates data from published information on the rates and clinical implications of infection with ESBL-producing Gram-negative bacteria in Ethiopia. A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, PubMed Central, Medline, Science Direct and Google scholar from October 2018 to March 2019. Eligible studies were identified by applying quality criteria. The pooled proportion of ESBL-producing Gram-negative bacteria was estimated based on a random effect model. The publication bias and the variation in proportion estimates attributed to heterogeneity were assessed.ResultsFourteen studies with relevant data...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Aquatic environments are crucial hotspots for the dissemination of antibiotic resistant microorganisms and resistance genes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence and the genetic characterization of cefotaxime-resistant (CTXR) Enterobacteriaceae at a Tunisian semi-industrial pilot plant with biological treatment (WWPP) and its receiving river (Rouriche River, downstream from WWPP) located in Tunis City, during 2017-2018. We collected 105 and 15 water samples from the WWPP and the Rouriche River, respectively. Samples were screened to recover ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (E...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study confirmed a shift toward a predominance of Gram-negative early bacterial infections after pediatric LT. The risk factors for infection were low weight and the presence of a prosthetic mesh. ESBL-PE stool carriage was associated with ESBL-PE infection. Adapted antimicrobial prophylaxis and personalized antibiotherapy are mandatory to reduce infection prevalence and mortality.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Anne-Marie Pourcher Digestate produced by agricultural biogas plants (BGPs) may contain pathogenic bacteria. Among them, Clostridium perfringens deserves particular attention due to its ability to grow under anaerobic conditions and persist in amended soil. The aim of this study was to examine the potential pathogenicity and the antimicrobial resistance of C. perfringens in manure and digestate collected from three agricultural biogas plants (BGPs). A total of 157 isolates (92 from manure, 65 from digestate) were screened for genes encoding seven toxins (cpa, cpb, etx, iapcpe, netB, and cpb2). The 138 cpa positive isol...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
errablo A, Soriano A, Badia JM, Grupo de Estudio de PA de la Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica (SEIMC) y Asociación Española de Cirujanos (AEC) Abstract Antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery is one of the most effective measures for preventing surgical site infection, although its use is frequently inadequate and may even increase the risk of infection, toxicities and antimicrobial resistance. As a result of advances in surgical techniques and the emergence of multidrug-resistant organisms, the current guidelines for prophylaxis need to be revised....
Source: Cirugia eEspanola - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Cir Esp Source Type: research
In this study, a total of 457 (380 ST, 77 SPA) blood isolates were collected from three tertiary care hospitals in Kolkata during 2014-18. Additionally, 66 (3.4%) ST and 5 (0.25%) SPA were recovered from blood culture of 1962 patients attending OPD of one pediatric hospital during 2016-18. The study isolates were tested for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles; AMR genes; molecular sub-types by PFGE, MLVA and CRISPR. Among the total 446 ST and 82 SPA isolates, fluoroquinolone (FQ) resistance was very common in both serovars. Ciprofloxacin resistance of 24.9% and 9.8% &ofloxacin resistance of 20.9% and 87.8% were fou...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
Abstract Over the past two decades, Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as a leading cause of nosocomial infections worldwide. Of particular concern are pan-resistant strains, leading the World Health Organization (WHO) to designate carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii as a Priority 1 (Critical) pathogen for research and development of new antibiotics. A key component in supporting this effort is accessibility to diverse and clinically relevant strains for testing. Herein we describe a panel of 100 diverse A. baumannii strains for use in this endeavor.Whole genome sequencing was performed on 3,505 A. baumannii housed...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
We report on multidrug-resistant ST131-H22 poultry isolates in Brazil closely related to international human and poultry isolates. PMID: 32687033 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research
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