Left Atrial Posterior Wall Thrombus After Posterior Wall Ablation.

Conclusion: To our knowledge, this case is the second report of a left atrial posterior wall thrombus in this setting. The patient's complex and specific set of risk factors likely led to this rare finding. Although left atrial posterior wall thrombus after ablation is rare, in patients with specific risks or a combination of factors that could lead to such a clot, visualizing the left atrium in these patients may be beneficial to minimize the risk of systemic embolization. PMID: 32612478 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research

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Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia and its prevalence is expected to further increase. Patients with atrial fibrillation have an increased risk of stroke (fivefold increased risk), heart failure, and death. In patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, the most recent guidelines recommend the use of the CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, arterial hypertension, age  >  75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, age 65–74 years, sex category) scoring system to identify those who may benefit from oral anticoagulant treatmen...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Written by Meyers, edits by SmithA 50-ish year old man was working construction when he suddenly collapsed. Coworkers started CPR within 1 minute of collapse. EMS arrived within 10 minutes and continued CPR and ACLS, noting alternating asystole and sinus bradycardia during rhythm checks. He received various ACLS medications and arrived at the ED with a perfusing rhythm.Initial vitals included heart rate around 100 bpm and BP 174/96. Here is his initial ECG, very soon after ROSC:What do you think?Sinus tachycardia.  There is incomplete RBBB (QRS duration less than 120 ms).  There is diffuse STD, maximal in V4-V5 a...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Background and Purpose—The CHA2DS2-VASc stroke score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 (doubled), diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack (doubled), vascular disease, age 65–74, female) is used in most guidelines for risk stratification in atrial fibrillation (AF), but most data for this score have been derived in Western populations. Ethnic differences in stroke risk may be present. Our objective was to investigate risk factors for stroke in AF and application of the CHA2DS2-VASc score in an Asian AF population from Korea.Methods—A total of 5855 oral anticoagulant&n...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Arrhythmias, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and conveys a significant risk of morbidity and mortality due to related stroke and systemic embolism. Oral anticoagulation (OAC) is the mainstay of thromboembolism prevention, and management of anticoagulation can be challenging. For patients without significant valvular disease, decisions around anticoagulation therapy are first based on the presence of additional stroke risk factors, as measured by the CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75, diabetes, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, age 65–74, and sex c...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: How I Treat, Free Research Articles, Thrombosis and Hemostasis Source Type: research
BackgroundTo clarify the influence of hypertension and blood pressure (BP) control on thromboembolism and major hemorrhage in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, a post hoc analysis of the J‐RHYTHM Registry was performed.Methods and ResultsA consecutive series of outpatients with atrial fibrillation was enrolled from 158 institutions. Of 7937 patients, 7406 with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (70.8% men, 69.8±10.0 years) were followed for 2 years or until an event occurred. Hypertension was defined as a systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg, a diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg, a history of h...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research
Background To clarify the influence of hypertension and blood pressure (BP) control on thromboembolism and major hemorrhage in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, a post hoc analysis of the J-RHYTHM Registry was performed. Methods and Results A consecutive series of outpatients with atrial fibrillation was enrolled from 158 institutions. Of 7937 patients, 7406 with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (70.8% men, 69.8±10.0 years) were followed for 2 years or until an event occurred. Hypertension was defined as a systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg, a diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg, a history of...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research
Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 19. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rat...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Source Type: blogs
In this study, cangrelor was discontinued 1-6 hours prior to surgery, while aspirin was continued throughout the perioperative period. Bridging with cangrelor did not increase major bleeds prior to surgery, though minor bleeds, mostly ecchymosis at venipuncture site, was higher. P2Y12 assay documented sufficient platelet inhibition corresponding to levels required for anti thrombotic effect [1]. Cangrelor is awaiting approval and more large scale trials regarding the use of bridging are needed. Reference 1. Angiolillo DJ et al; BRIDGE Investigators. Bridging antiplatelet therapy with cangrelor in patients undergoing ...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Source Type: blogs
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