Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma of the Pineal Region in a Pediatric Patient With Neurofibromatosis Type 1.

Conclusion: To our knowledge, this case is the fifth report of pineal PXA and the first associated with NF1. Because PXA presents similarly to other NF1-related intracranial tumors, careful diagnosis via immunohistochemistry is imperative. Gross tumor resection is usually curative; however, PXA has the propensity to undergo malignant degeneration and may require adjuvant treatment. PMID: 32612482 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): N. Morollón, R. Belvís, A. De Dios, N. Pagès, C. González-Oria, G. Latorre, S. Santos-Lasaosa
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Neuro-ophthalmologic findings are mostly normal in patients with visual snow syndrome. Retinal or neurological diseases must be excluded as possible causes of visual snow. PMID: 33029971 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Authors: Kim EH, Shim WH, Lee JS, Yoon HM, Ko TS, Yum MS Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent quantitative neuroimaging studies of childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) have identified various structural abnormalities that might be involved in the onset of absence seizure and associated cognitive and behavioral functions. However, the neuroanatomical alterations specific to CAE remain unclear, and so this study investigated the regional alterations of brain structures associated with newly diagnosed CAE. METHODS: Surface and volumetric magnetic resonance imaging data of patients with newly diagnosed CAE (n=18) an...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Paramagnetic rims might be a characteristic MRI finding for MS, and therefore they have potential as an imaging marker for differentially diagnosing MS from NMOSD using 3-T MRI. PMID: 33029961 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: GA-MRI is an effective noninvasive method that may be useful for the differentiation of NASH from isolated steatosis, and could help to avoid liver biopsy in patients with NAFLD. PMID: 33033571 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Conclusion: SSNHL causes functional alterations in brain regions, mainly in the striatum, auditory cortex, visual cortex, MTG, AG, precuneus, and limbic lobes within the acute period of hearing loss. PMID: 33029130 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Abstract Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a devastating disease without cure. It is also the most common primary brain tumor in adults. Although aggressive surgical resection is standard of care, these operations are limited by tumor infiltration of critical cortical and subcortical regions. A better understanding of how the brain can recover and reorganize function in response to GBM would provide valuable clinical data. This ability, termed neuroplasticity, is not well understood in the adult human brain. A better understanding of neuroplasticity in GBM could allow for improved extent of resection, even in areas...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Conclusion: Although treatment algorithms are an attractive tool to guide clinicians and resource allocation, they need to take into account the local population characteristics before routine implementation. Level of Evidence: Level IV–retrospective cohort study.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Infection Source Type: research
ConclusionIntellectual problems, ADHD, autism spectrum disorder, and migraine are major neurological co‚Äźmorbidities in NF1.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Pediatrics International - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:To the best of our knowledge, there are 8 prior reported cases of pineal region PXA with such lesions rarely occurring in individuals with NF1. These masses present similarly to dysplastic tumor types, and should be considered as a rare etiology of NF1 associated tectal masses.
Source: Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: RARE TUMORS Source Type: research
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