Effects of short inter-pregnancy interval on maternal and perinatal outcomes: A cohort study of pregnant women in a low-income country

Conclusion: Short IPI is associated with anemia in pregnancy in Nigeria. Public health campaigns for improvement in uptake of family planning services and breastfeeding may help reduce the incidence of short IPI and anemia in low income countries.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study used nationally representative data from demographic and health surveys (DHS) in Namibia, Kenya and Sierra Leone. A direct sisterhood method was used to estimate pregnancy-related deaths based on 7 years of recollection. Findings of the study reveal that death during the antenatal period was the commonest time of death in mothers aged 15-19, while death during delivery and two months after delivery were the leading causes of death for mothers aged 20-24. Pregnancy-related deaths were more prevalent among women with no schooling or primary education than their counterparts with secondary and higher education.Impa...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
HORSHAM, Pa., April 21, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of IMBRUVICA® (ibrutinib) in combination with rituximab for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) who are new to therapy. The approval is based on positive results from the landmark Phase 3 E1912 study that was designed and conducted by the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group (ECOG-ACRIN) and sponsored by the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health. Today’s mil...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although the data appeared to show that active management reduced the risk of severe primary PPH greater than 1000 mL at the time of birth, we are uncertain of this finding because of the very low-quality evidence. Active management may reduce the incidence of maternal anaemia (Hb less than 9 g/dL) following birth, but harms such as postnatal hypertension, pain and return to hospital due to bleeding were identified.In women at low risk of excessive bleeding, it is uncertain whether there was a difference between active and expectant management for severe PPH or maternal Hb less than 9 g/dL (at 24 to 72 hours)....
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Background: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the single most common congenital bleeding disorder, affecting 1% of the population and characterized by deficient and/or defective von Willebrand factor (VWF). Among women with VWD, reproductive tract bleeding is common, with up to 80% developing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), defined as 24-hr blood loss ≥500 cc after vaginal delivery, or ≥1,000 cc after cesarean delivery. Despite current guidelines suggesting 50 IU/kg plasma-derived VWF (pdVWF) at delivery if VWF:RCo is less than 0.50 IU/ml at the 8thmonth of gestation, PPH occurs even when that level has normalized, and, m...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 322. Disorders of Coagulation or Fibrinolysis: Poster II Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate major complications or symptoms of pregnant women, causes of maternal near-miss, and issues that are relevant to severe maternal disease. A retrospective analysis was performed in the “maternal individual investigation form,” which included all critical maternity patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 1, 2012 to September 31, 2015. A total of 14,014 pregnant patients who delivered at 28 to 42 weeks of gestation were included. Eight thousand eighty-six patients experienced complications or symptoms, and top 7 of these were post...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Publication date: 21 February 2018 Source:The Lancet, Volume 391, Supplement 1 Author(s): Akram M Abu Salah Background Antenatal care is an effective means of reducing risk for the mothers and fetuses during pregnancy. It is intended to prevent obstetric complications by improving the quality of antenatal care, hygiene, and knowledge about signs and symptoms of common medical problems during pregnancy. Low birthweight (<2·5 kg at birth) is an important factor affecting neonatal mortality and a predictor of health of the newborn child. The aim of this study was to assess the association between antenatal care pro...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The majority of the women had risk factors for BDACS. There were major ambulance delays and lack of facilities, mostly in district hospitals. All women required life-saving interventions, but could not access appropriate care timeously. Prevention and management of BDACS require a fully functional health system. PMID: 29262944 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThe recent National Nutrition Survey of 2013 demonstrated that 16.7% of women in childbearing age are underweight, and 5.0 –10.0% of these women manifested a Hemoglobin (Hb) level less than 11.0 g/dl. The purpose of this study was to investigate if such maternal nutritional status affects success of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice.MethodsThis cross-sectional study investigated 1532 dyads of mothers and infants with full-term singleton pregnancies delivered during 2011 at a perinatal center in Tokyo. Outcome is EBF initiation defined as the successful practice at discharge and 1  mon...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur data suggest that MACS technology does not increase or decreasePowered by Editorial Manager®and ProduXion Manager®from Aries Systems Corporation adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes in children conceived when this technology was performed, being the largest randomized control trial with live birth reported results with MACS.
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Anemia | Bleeding | Breastfed | Hypertension | Induction of Labor | International Medicine & Public Health | Nigeria Health | Perinatology & Neonatology | Pregnancy | Rural Health | Statistics | Study | Women