Prevalence and Antibiogram of Urinary Tract Infections in Renal Transplant Recipients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India.

Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of UTI and antibiotic resistance rates in kidney transplant patients in our study, there is an urgent need for developing hospital based local antibiogram for appropriate management of UTI. Fosfomycin as an empirical therapy might be a useful choice for adequate coverage of potential pathogens at our centre. Further multi-centric studies on a larger sample size are recommended from India for formulating antibiotic policy. PMID: 32610862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research

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Abstract Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections among children. It is noted that the risk of renal damage from UTI is the greatest in children younger than five years, thus early diagnosis and prompt treatment are important. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of UTI in children attending pediatric outpatient clinics in Zagazig and Tanta University Hospitals as tertiary care hospitals. Furthermore, we attempted to determine related risk factors, isolate the organisms that cause UTI in children, and study their antibiotic susceptibility patterns. This cross-sectio...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease in Oman as in rest of Gulf Cooperation Council where metabolic syndrome is of high prevalence. DM is a foremost risk factor for urinary tract infections (UTIs). It is also linked to more complicated infections such as emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN), emphysematous pyelitis (EP), renal/perirenal abscess, emphysematous cystitis, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, and renal papillary necrosis. The diagnosis of these cases is frequently delayed because the clinical manifestations are generic and not different from the typical triad of upper UTI, which include fev...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term antibiotics may reduce the risk of repeat symptomatic UTI in children who have had one or more previous UTIs but the benefit may be small and must be considered together with the increased risk of microbial resistance. PMID: 30932167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Kidney transplant recipients who develop urinary tract infections within 6 months of transplant may be at increased risk of graft failure or patient death; however, further studies are needed to elucidate the relationship between posttransplant infections and long-term outcomes. PMID: 30381050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
ConclusionSingle-dose cefazolin was equally effective and less expensive compared to our previous MD regimen. Based on these findings, we conclude that future prospective studies should be designed to confirm the non-inferiority of single-dose antibiotic regimens.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions Multiple UTIs are common in kidney transplant recipients during the first year post-transplantation. E. coli urinary isolates were significantly more resistant to multiple antibiotic drug classes in this patient population compared with the general hospital population. Antimicrobial stewardship programmes at transplant centres should consider producing disease-specific antibiograms specifically for transplant recipients to improve empirical antibiotic selection guidance.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Our objective was to determine incidence, predisposing factors, and microbiological profile of urinary tract infection (UTI) in renal transplant recipients in our center. This was cross-sectional observational study, conducted at the Department of Nephrology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, Delhi, India. Two hundred and ten renal transplant recipients were studied over one year. Out of 210 transplant recipients, 69 (32.86%) had UTI. Majority (59/69) had undergone live renal transplantation and 10 cases had received cadaveric grafts. Forty-nine patients had primary infection while 20 patients had recu...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) mainly due to uropathogenicEscherichia coli (UPEC) are one of the most frequent complications in kidney-transplanted patients, causing significant morbidity. However, the mechanisms underlying UTI in renal grafts remain poorly understood. Here, we analysed the effects of the potent immunosuppressive agent cyclosporine A (CsA) on the activation of collecting duct cells that represent a preferential site of adhesion and translocation for UPEC. CsA induced the inhibition of lipopolysaccharide- induced activation of collecting duct cells due to the downregulation of the expression of TLR4 via th...
Source: Journal of Innate Immunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this review, there were no studies identified addressing oral probiotics in preventing UTI in people with neuropathic bladder. It is uncertain if the risk of symptomatic UTI is reduced in people with neuropathic bladders via intravesical instillation of non-pathogenic E. coli as data were derived from small studies with high risk of bias.Although very minimal levels of harm was reported with this procedure, due to variable success rates, the need for strict adherence to instillation protocols together with high attrition rates in these studies, it is doubtful bladder instillation will be a widely accepted i...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
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