Receipt of addiction treatment after opioid overdose among Medicaid-enrolled adolescents and young adults - Alinsky RH, Zima BT, Rodean J, Matson PA, Larochelle MR, Adger H, Bagley SM, Hadland SE.

Importance Nonfatal opioid overdose may be a critical touch point when youths who have never received a diagnosis of opioid use disorder can be engaged in treatment. However, the extent to which youths (adolescents and young adults) receive timely evidenc...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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AbstractOpioid overdose accounted for more than 47,000 deaths in the United States in 2018. The risk of new persistent opioid use following breast cancer surgery is significant, with up to 10% of patients continuing to fill opioid prescriptions one year after surgery. Over prescription of opioids is far too common. A recent study suggested that up to 80% of patients receiving a prescription for opioids post-operatively do not need them (either do not fill the prescription or do not use the medication). In order to address this important issue, The American Society of Breast Surgeons empaneled an inter-disciplinary committe...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The opioid epidemic has increased overdose deaths 3-fold from 1999 to 2014, with particular impact felt in Ohio. The majority of opioid addictions start with a prescription written by a healthcare provider. We sought to identify differences between opioids prescribed and patient-reported opioid use within our hernia practice to help determine the appropriate amount of opioids to prescribe after hernia operation.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: General surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first example of a statewide collaboration among diverse health professional education programs to create a single, standard curriculum. This collaborative process and the nonproprietary Arizona Pain and Addiction Curriculum may serve as a useful template for other states to enhance pain and addiction education. PMID: 32962529 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Screening, outreach, clinical treatment, and first responders should be aware of increasing patterns of polysubstance use and the potential implications of co-use of heroin and cocaine on first responders' intervention and the potential role of increasing exposure to multiple substances on overdose outcomes in the US. PMID: 33022537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Taleed El-Sabawi (Elon University), Why the DEA, not the FDA? Revisiting the Regulation of Potentially-Addictive Substances, 16 NYU J. L.&Bus. 2 (2020): In addressing the opioid overdose crisis, Congress has explicitly questioned its historic reliance on a criminal...
Source: HealthLawProf Blog - Category: Medical Law Authors: Source Type: blogs
Data from an emergency department in Richmond suggests that the number of nonfatal opioid-related overdoses may have risen during the first few months of the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly among people who are Black. Thefindings were published inJAMA.Taylor A. Ochalek, Ph.D., of Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) and colleagues compared the number of nonfatal opioid overdoses recorded in electronic medical records from VCU ’s Emergency Department from March to June 2019 with those that occurred from March to June 2020—the first few months of the COVID-19 pandemic. They found nonfatal opioid overdoses incre...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: black COVID-19 emergency department JAMA nonfatal overdose opioid pandemic Source Type: research
New research by Yale addiction specialist Ryan MacNeil finds that dispensing prescription opioids to at-risk individuals can prevent fentanyl-related overdoses.
Source: Yale Science and Health News - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Despite a comprehensive OEND training that addressed addiction and harm reduction and directly targeted hypothesized drivers of negative attitudes (e.g., risk compensation beliefs), some officers' attitudes worsened after the training. Randomized experiments of different training approaches would elucidate the mediators and moderators underlying these unexpected responses. PMID: 32931324 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices t...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices t...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
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