Supreme Court upholds prostitution pledge for AIDS funding
The Supreme Court has upheld a provision of federal law that requires foreign affiliates of U.S.-based health organizations to denounce prostitution as a condition of receiving taxpayer money to fight AIDS around the world
Conditions: HIV/AIDS; Tuberculosis Intervention: Behavioral: Choice Architecture Sponsors: Johns Hopkins University; University of Witwatersrand, South Africa; National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Not yet recruiting
Conditions: HIV/AIDS; Tuberculosis Intervention: Behavioral: Choice Architecture Sponsors: Johns Hopkins University; KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation; Clinton Health Access Initiative, Zimbabwe; Aurum Institute Not yet recruiting
Conditions: COVID-19; COVID-19 Drug Treatment; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Interventions: Drug: Lopinavir/Ritonavir 200 MG-50 MG Oral Tablet; Drug: Telmisartan 40Mg Oral Tablet; Drug: Atorvastatin 20 Mg Oral Tablet Sponsors: French National Institute for Health and Medical Research-French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (Inserm-ANRS); Université de Bordeaux; Programme PACCI Not yet recruiting
[UNEP] Ebola, SARS, Zika, HIV/AIDS, West Nile fever and now COVID-19. These are some of the highest-profile diseases to emerge in the last several decades. And while they emerged in different parts of the world, they have one thing in common. They are what scientists call "zoonotic diseases," infections that jump between animals and humans, some of which leave illness and death in their wake.
Are there benefits to an ART switch from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate to tenofovir alafenamide?HIV Medicine
Contributors : Marie Saitou ; Erica Xu ; Sarah M Knox ; Omer GokcumenSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensSaliva aids in the predigestion of food and perception of taste. It helps to maintain the integrity of the mineralized tooth and epithelial surfaces in the mouth, and shields the oro-digestive tract from environmental hazards and invading pathogens. Although salivary glands and saliva fluid are biologically and functionally inseparable, they have thus far been investigated as separate entities. To bridge this gap, we performed an integrative analysis of the transcriptom...
CONCLUSIONS: CD4 cell counting declined over time, including testing at the start of ART, despite the fact that many patients still initiated ART with advanced HIV disease. Without CD4 testing and expanded VL testing many patients with advanced HIV disease and treatment failure may go undetected, threatening the effectiveness of ART in sub-Saharan Africa. PMID: 32640106 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Fox MP, Brennan AT, Nattey C, MacLeod WB, Harlow A, Mlisana K, Maskew M, Carmona S, Bor J Abstract INTRODUCTION: In South Africa, HIV patients with an elevated viral load (VL) should receive repeat VL testing after adherence counselling. We set out to use a national HIV Cohort to describe time to repeat viral load testing across South Africa and identify predictors of time to repeat testing. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of prospectively collected laboratory data. HIV treatment guidelines have changed over time in South Africa, but call for repeat VL testing within six months if 400 to 1000 ...
Authors: Holloway IW, C Spaulding A, Miyashita Ochoa A, A Randall L, R King A, HBOU Study Team, Frew PM PMID: 32640098 [PubMed - in process]
AbstractTo inform targeted HIV testing, we developed and externally validated a risk-score algorithm that incorporated behavioral characteristics. Outpatient data from five health facilities in western Kenya, comprising 19,458 adults ≥ 15 years tested for HIV from September 2017 to May 2018, were included in univariable and multivariable analyses used for algorithm development. Data for 11,330 adults attending one high-volume facility were used for validation. Using the final algorithm, patients were grouped into four ri sk-score categories: ≤ 9, 10–15, 16–29 and &...