Prevalence of Tinnitus and Association with Self-Rated Health among Military Personnel Injured on Combat Deployment.

Prevalence of Tinnitus and Association with Self-Rated Health among Military Personnel Injured on Combat Deployment. Mil Med. 2020 Jun 27;: Authors: MacGregor AJ, Joseph AR, Dougherty AL Abstract INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is an auditory problem frequently reported by military personnel and is currently responsible for 1 billion dollars annually in disability compensation. Recent military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan saw high levels of combat exposure coupled with a surge in blast weaponry, both of which can adversely affect hearing. The present study explored the prevalence of tinnitus and the association with self-rated health among military personnel injured during combat deployment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,026 U.S. military personnel who sustained an injury during operations (592 battle blast, 73 battle nonblast, 361 nonbattle) in Iraq were identified from clinical records. Post-Deployment Health Assessments administered at two separate points in time were used to identify self-reported tinnitus symptoms and self-rated health within 1 year of injury. RESULTS: Those with a battle blast injury had the highest prevalence of tinnitus with 19.1% and 31.3% on the first and second health assessments, respectively. In a multivariate model adjusting for combat exposure, concussion, posttraumatic stress disorder, and other covariates, tinnitus was associated with lower self-rated health for both the first (odds ratio [OR] = 3.31, ...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

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