The Itchy, Bumpy Blues: How to Treat and Prevent Mosquito Bites and Related Conditions

Mosquito bites may be a nuisance, but fortunately, in the U.S., they tend to amount to nothing more than that. Upon being bitten, most Americans experience a bit of swelling and itchiness, and nothing more. However, there are exceptions to this, including stronger allergic reactions to bites and cases of mosquito-borne illness.  Insect and arachnid bites, including ticks, account for approximately 2,000 cases of malaria and 30,000 cases of Lyme disease in the U.S. annually. In addition, millions of people worldwide die of malaria each year. It is helpful to protect yourself against insect bites, not only to avoid pesky welts, but also to prevent potential illness. Why Blood? It may sound surprising that both male and female mosquitoes obtain the majority of their nutrition from plant nectar. It is the pregnant females that require blood from a mammal in order to synthesize the protein they need to help their eggs mature. These eggs are then laid on the surface of still water, such as ponds or birdbaths, as they wait to hatch.  Itchy, Bumpy Bites Infants and children are bitten by mosquitoes more than by any other insect. In fact, mosquitoes tend to prefer children over adults if they have the choice. When a mosquito lands and prepares to feed, the sharp, needle-like components of its mouth pierce the skin, first injecting digestive enzymes and anticoagulants before drawing blood.  Often, the first mosquito bites a child receives produce no reaction at all. Expe...
Source: Conversations with Dr Greene - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Dr. Greene's Blog Environmental Health Insect Bites & Stings Insects & Animals Outdoor Safety Source Type: blogs

Related Links:

What strategies may help reduce the incidence of healthcare-associated respiratory viral infections? Which are most effective?Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe presence of abnormal18F-FDG uptake adjacent to the ischial tuberosities together with findings at the peri-articular shoulder or interspinous bursa on whole-body PET/CT is highly sensitive and specific for a diagnosis of PMR.Trial registrationClinical Trial Registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry,http://www.anzctr.org.au, ACTRN1261400696695
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionIn order to overcome those key challenges arising from CT datasets and solve some of the main problems existing in the current deep learning-based methods, we propose a novel unified CTumorGAN framework, which can be effectively generalized to address any kinds of tumor datasets with superior performance.
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
This study aimed to reveal whether and how GLN would modulate FGF21 production in relation to metabolism. With in vivo model of normal diet (ND) and high-fat diet (HFD) mice receiving GLN injection and in vitro model of mouse AML12 liver cells and differentiated 3T3L1 adipocytes challenged with GLN, GLN appeared to improve the glucose metabolism in HFD and ND mice and to elevate FGF21 protein expression in HFD liver and to increase both FGF21 protein and mRNA levels in WAT from HFD and ND mice and it also upregulated FGF21 expression in both AML12 and differentiated 3T3L1 cells. By using inhibitors against variou...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
In this study, we explored the role and molecular mechanism of NCOA5 in amino acid-induced activation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and milk protein synthesis in bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs). Methionine (Met) and leucine (Leu) significantly up-regulated the expression of NCOA5. NCOA5 overexpression increased mTOR phosphorylation and β-casein synthesis, whereas its knockdown exhibited the opposite effects. Furthermore, inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) completely abolished the stimulatory effects of Met and Leu on NCOA5 expression. ChIP-qPCR analysis detected that NCOA5 bound...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
In this study, we observed that (EX-4)2-Fc also has anti-inflammatory functions in adipose tissue. After the treatment of diet-induced obesity (DIO) mice with (EX-4)2-Fc, we found that the inflammatory response in adipose tissue was significantly attenuated. (Ex-4)2-Fc can reduce obesity-associated proinflammatory cytokine levels and macrophage numbers in DIO mice. In addition, (EX-4)2-Fc treatment resulted in proinflammatory M1-type macrophages beginning to transform into anti-inflammatory M2-type macrophages. The inflammatory mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-&kappa...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
This study also demonstrated that TREM-1 expression was upregulated following cerebral infarction in rats. TREM-1 inhibition was determined using its selective inhibitor, LP17, which indicated a neuroprotective effect on cerebral infarction damage. The findings revealed that inhibition of TREM-1 by administering LP17 improved cerebral damage and decreased ischemic areas and brain water contents. Moreover, LP17 decreased MCAO-induced microglial activation and neurodegeneration, evidenced by a reduction in the expression of microglial Iba-1 and FJ-B positive cells, and reversed neuronal loss. Besides, the contribution of LP1...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Lxrα's anti-atherosclerotic effects in Ldlr-/- mice are not primarily attributable to Lxrα's influence on Arl7 expression. This evidence suggests that Lxrα's effects on plaque inflammation may be more critical to in vivo atherogenesis than its effects on macrophage cholesterol efflux and foam cell development. PMID: 32736671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Abstract Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus associated with Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS), reflecting a wide range of congenital abnormalities in fetuses and infants infected with ZIKV before birth. ZIKV infections have also been associated with the neurological autoimmune disorder known as Guillian-Barré syndrome (GBS). To date, no vaccines or antiviral strategies are licensed for ZIKV. We used rational design to develop a novel ZIKV vaccine candidate using a Woodchuck Hepatitis core Antigen (WHcAg) Virus-Like Particle (VLP) scaffold for displaying selected antigens from the ZIKV Envelope (E...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
More News: Academies | Alcoholism | Aleve | Allergy | Allergy & Immunology | Anesthesia | Anesthesiology | Babies | Benadryl | Black Pepper | Blogging | Blood Transusion | Brain | Breast Needle Aspiration | Breastfed | Canada Health | Cancer & Oncology | Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) | Chikungunya | Child Development | Children | Chronic Pain | Conjunctivitis | Dengue Fever | Dermatology | Diets | Disability | Environmental Health | Eucalyptus | Evening Primrose | Eyes | Fish | Garlic | Guillain-Barr Syndrome | Headache | Hormones | Hydrocortisone | Ibuprofen | Immunotherapy | Insect Bites & Stings | Itchiness | Liver | Lyme Disease | Malaria | Men | Migraine | Milk | Naprosyn | Naproxen | Neurology | Nutrition | Organic | Pain | Pediatrics | PET Scan | Pregnancy | Skin | Study | Toxicology | Uganda Health | Urology & Nephrology | Vitamin B1 | West Nile Virus | Women | Zika Virus | Zyrtec