How tests and testing kits for coronavirus (COVID-19) work, MHRA (updated 26th June 2020)

The different types of tests and testing kits for COVID-19, and the specifications for manufacturers. 26 June 2020 Added new Target Product Profile document for Point of Care SARS-CoV-2 detection tests 12 June 2020 Published a HTML version of the Target Product Profile: enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) Antibody tests document (which wa s published as a PDF on 5 June)
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: The modified Bateman SIZ model has been verified and used to predict the course of the COVID-19 pandemic in Heidelberg. Lockdown measures alone are insufficient to control the pandemic during 2021. Vaccination, diagnostic tests, and use of the Corona-Warn-App with quarantine could successfully control the spread of the coronavirus infection in the community. The Corona-Warn-App applied correctly may be the most effective. The model showed that vaccination with 50% efficacy is almost as effective as vaccination with 100% efficacy. PMID: 32646540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Massabeti R, Cipriani MS, Valenti I Abstract At the end of December 2019, the Health Commission of the city of Wuhan, China, alerted the World Health Organization (WHO) to a pneumonia cluster in the city. The cause was identified as being a new virus, later named SARS-CoV-2. We can distinguish three clinical phases of the disease with a distinct pathogenesis, manifestations and prognosis. Here, we describe the case of a 45-year-old male, successfully treated for Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The patient was feeling sick in early April 2020; he had a fever and pharyngodynia. When he came to our COVID hosp...
Source: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Valerio A, Nisoli E, Rossi AP, Pellegrini M, Todesco T, Ghoch ME Abstract The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has spread around the globe, infecting more than ten million individuals, with more than 500,000 dead; about one half of the infected people have recovered. Despite this fact, a subgroup of individuals affected by COVID-19 is at greater risk of developing worse outcomes and experience a high rate of mortality. Data on the association between obesity and COVID-19 are growing; the available studies, have reported a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in patients experiencing a seve...
Source: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 September 2020Source: Life Sciences, Volume 257Author(s): Ariane Sternberg, Cord Naujokat
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
AbstractRecently published case reports relating to anesthesia in patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) were reviewed. The diagnosis of COVID-19 was confirmed by positive results of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Numerous reports handled emergency cesarean delivery. Primary symptoms and laboratory data of pregnant women with COVID-19 were similar to those of non-pregnant patients. Although the mortality rate is reported to be high after surgery in patients with COVID-19, cesarean delivery was successfully performed under regional...
Source: Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This appeared a day or so ago. A chance to get smarter in cyber space of intelligence ·         By Danielle Cave ·         12:00AM July 11, 2020 In mid-November last year, WeChat users in China started discussing a new virus spreading in Wuhan. Words and phrases such as SARS, coronavirus, novel coronavirus, Feidian (the Chinese equivalent of SARS), shortness of breath, dyspnoea and diarrhoea all began to increase in use across China ’s most popular messaging app. As the virus spread, volunteer open-source researchers in Chin...
Source: Australian Health Information Technology - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: blogs
We reported cytopathic effects as TCID50/mL. RESULTS: We detected no cytopathic activity in any of the SARS-CoV-2-spiked milk samples that had been pasteurized using the Holder method. In the SARSCoV-2-spiked milk samples that were not pasteurized but were kept at room temperature for 30 minutes, we observed a reduction in infectious viral titre of about 1 log. INTERPRETATION: Pasteurization of human milk by the Holder method (62.5°C for 30 min) inactivates SARS-CoV-2. Thus, in the event that donated human milk contains SARS-CoV-2 by transmission through the mammary gland or by contamination, this method of pas...
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Tao Q, Du J, Li X, Zeng J, Tan B, Xu J, Lin W, Chen XL Abstract PURPOSE: Huashi Baidu formula (HSBDF) was developed to treat the patients with severe COVID-19 in China. The purpose of this study was to explore its active compounds and demonstrate its mechanisms against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) through network pharmacology and molecular docking. METHODS: All the components of HSBDF were retrieved from the pharmacology database of TCM system. The genes corresponding to the targets were retrieved using UniProt and GeneCards database. The herb-compound-target network was...
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A reduction in ERCP referrals raises concern that a cohort of patients with significant biliary disease remain undetected. Whether this results in later, and more severe, presentation remains to be seen but a potential surge in such cases could significantly burden all future endoscopy planning services. PMID: 32643467 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has spread exponentially worldwide. In Brazil, the number of infected people diagnosed has been increasing and, as in other countries, it has been associated with a high risk of contamination in healthcare teams. For healthcare professionals, the full use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is mandatory, such as wearing surgical or filtering facepiece class 2 (FFP2) masks, waterproof aprons, gloves, and goggles, in addition to training in care processes. A reduction in the number of face-to-face visits an...
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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