Increased Prevalence, Complications, and Costs of Smokers Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty

J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713128Given a national push toward bundled payment models, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence as well as the effect of smoking on early inpatient complications and cost following elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the United States across multiple years. Using the nationwide inpatient sample, all primary elective TKA admissions were identified from 2012 to 2014. Patients were stratified by smoking status through a secondary diagnosis of “tobacco use disorder.” Patient characteristics as well as prevalence, costs, and incidence of complications were compared. There was a significant increase in the rate of smoking in TKA from 17.9% in 2012 to 19.2% in 2014 (p 
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): N.G. Shah, B.C. Wible, J.A. Paulisi, M. Zaki, P. Lamparello, A. Sista, M. Sadek, G.R. Jacobowitz, T.S. Maldonado
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Trace metals concentrations of 25 elements were determined for 22 subcomponents of biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste samples representing the United States municipal solid waste (MSW) stream collected during three separate waste sorts. The subcomponent trace metal concentrations and estimated composition results were used to predict trace metal concentrations present in the overall MSW stream along with MSW compost and waste to energy (WTE) ash, which were compared to health-based standards (i.e., US EPA regional screening levels) and to values previously reported in the literature. These estimate...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Erin L. Meier, Shannon M. Sheppard, Emily B. Goldberg, Catherine R. Head, Delaney M. Ubellacker, Alexandra Walker, Argye E. Hillis
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): J.P. Martínez-Barbero, P. Tomás-Muñoz, R. Martínez-Moreno
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Mantero V, Rigamonti A, Basilico P, Sangalli D, Scaccabarozzi C, Salmaggi A PMID: 33029982 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Authors: Yarlagadda M, Shen M, Abraham A, Mousavi I, Sethi MK Abstract The purpose of this study was to identify those complications for which patients with adverse cardiac events are at risk within the 30-day postoperative period following treatment oforthopaedic trauma cases. This was a retrospective cohort study of orthopaedic trauma patients in the United States between 2006 and 2013. A total of 56,336 patients meeting any one of 89 CPT codes in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database were used. The main outcome measure was myocardial infarction or cardiac arrest ...
Source: Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Surg Orthop Adv Source Type: research
Conclusions—Despite significant mortality reduction, ARF and DVT risk after ICH have increased, whereas odds of sepsis and pneumonia have declined over the last decade. All complications were associated with increased cost and length of stay, but their associations with mortality were variable, likely due in part to survival bias. Innovative strategies are needed to prevent ICH-associated medical complications.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Complications, Mortality/Survival, Intracranial Hemorrhage Original Contributions Source Type: research
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Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Deformity Source Type: research
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