Examining Subgroups of Depression and Alcohol Misuse in Emerging Adults During University: a Replication and Extension Study

AbstractAlcohol misuse and depression are highly comorbid. Self-medication theory posits that depressed individuals use alcohol to reduce negative emotions. Research suggests that the co-pattern of depression and alcohol misuse is not uniform, and that emerging adults transitioning out of university can be differentiated into subgroups based on their co-patterns. We aimed to replicate and extend this study with emerging adults during university by examining whether baseline individual differences predicted subgroup membership. Undergraduates (N = 300) completed four waves of self-reports at 6-month intervals over 18-months. Parallel process latent class growth modeling supported three classes: Class 1, the “high-risk comorbid” group, had high stable depression and high stable alcohol misuse (n = 28). Class 2, the “moderate-risk depression-only group” had high stable depression but low decreasing alcohol misuse (n = 87). Class 3, the “low-risk normative” group, had low stable depression and low decreasing alcohol misuse (n = 185). Multinomial regressions showed that male sex, higher hopelessness, impulsivity, and anxiety sensitivity, and higher coping-with-depression and enhancement drinking motives, differentiated Class 1 from Class 3. Higher impulsivity and lower hopelessness, and higher enhancement motives, di fferentiated Class 1 from Class 2. Higher hopelessness, and higher coping-...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

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Tips that work. A plan. These are what help in the battle with mental illness and substance abuse. The material here is from individuals dealing with both diagnoses and for their family members. Tips are shared anonymously for privacy reasons. If you suspect alcohol or drugs are interfering with your life and your ability to handle your mental health issues, you may be facing a dual diagnosis situation. Talk to your doctor or mental health professional without delay to begin the process of understanding and trying treatment options. I have learned that willingness is the key to successful recovery work. The willingness t...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Alcoholism Recovery Substance Abuse 12 Steps Addiction Recovery Alcoholics Anonymous Comorbidity Mental Illness Source Type: blogs
  At one point, Gabe weighed more than 550 pounds. Today, he and Lisa remember and discuss the extreme pain and slow healing process of living with binge-eating disorder. Gabe shares his shame in being so overweight, his intense relationship with food, the story of his gastric bypass and the difficult process of learning new coping mechanisms. How did Gabe’s bipolar and panic attacks tie in with his binge eating? And, importantly, how is he managing the illness today? Join us for an open and honest discussion on living with an eating disorder. (Transcript Available Below) Please Subscribe to Our Show: And We...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Binge Eating Disorders Eating Disorders General Not Crazy Podcast Source Type: blogs
Abstract Repetitive negative thinking (RNT), the most studied forms of which are depressive ruminations and anxious worry, is a unique transdiagnostic process responsible for the development and maintenance of many mental disorders. Over the past decade, studies have shown that RNT could be involved in the development and maintenance of alcohol use disorder (AUD). However, to date, little is known about the factors that can influence this relationship, even though some theoretical and empirical arguments suggest that variables such as gender or metacognitive beliefs may determine the role of RNT in the onset of sy...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
AbstractWe aimed at investigating the association between age at smoking onset and adult binge drinking among Korean adults. We cross-sectionally analyzed nationally representative secondary data obtained from 11,296 adults in 2013. We conducted survey data analyses to incorporate a complex sampling design in our analyses. Specifically, we conducted a multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate the relationship of age at smoking onset with binge drinking. In our study, about 28% of adults were past 30-day binge drinkers. We found the greatest risks of past 30-day binge drinking among those who started smoking ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Abstract Alcohol and marijuana misuse is prevalent on many university campuses, with high rates of undergraduate students reporting experiencing alcohol and/or marijuana-related problems, which have been consistently associated with coping-motivated use. While previous studies have found dispositional mindfulness to be negatively associated with coping motives and alcohol-related problems, the present two-part study examines self-compassion, a complementary construct to mindfulness. Study One examines whether dispositional self-compassion is negatively associated with alcohol-related problems via drinking to cope ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAnxiety and depressive disorders are highly prevalent, frequently comorbid, and contribute to high rates of disability and death globally. They also commonly co-occur with substance use, including alcohol, cigarettes, and cannabis. Yet, the directionality for the onset and progression of these conditions is not fully understood. The present review highlights key findings from recent longitudinal studies on the prospective associations between anxiety and depressive disorders and the most commonly used substances (alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis). Additionally, this article reviews the potential of e...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
This study examined the emerging impact of COVID-19 on gambling during the first 6  weeks of emergency measures in Ontario, Canada. A cross-sectional online survey of 2005 gamblers, including a sub-sample of 1081 online gamblers (age 18 years and older), was administered to assess risky gambling behaviours and motivations, financial impacts from COVID-19, the influence of COVID- 19 on online gambling, mental health concerns and substance use. A series of odds ratio comparisons and measures of association were carried out. Results show significant likelihood of online gambling among those classified as high-risk g...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Does religion help or harm people with severe mental illness? In today’s Not Crazy podcast, Gabe and Lisa welcome Rachel Star Wither, host of the Inside Schizophrenia podcast, to discuss religion’s role (or lack thereof) in treating those struggling with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Rachel relates her personal experiences of mixing religion with her illness and shares how she currently manages to believe in God while keeping her faith “separate” from her symptoms. Tune in for a deep discussion on religion and severe mental illness, including Rachel’s 3-day exorcism experience at age 17....
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Disorders General Interview Not Crazy Podcast Schizophrenia Spirituality Source Type: blogs
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 3093: The GABAB Receptor—Structure, Ligand Binding and Drug Development Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules25133093 Authors: Linn Samira Mari Evenseth Mari Gabrielsen Ingebrigt Sylte The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type B receptor (GABAB-R) belongs to class C of the G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). Together with the GABAA receptor, the receptor mediates the neurotransmission of GABA, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system (CNS). In recent decades, the receptor has been extensively studied with the intention being to understand pathophysiologi...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results support previous studies and help to appraise differences in personality traits between specific groups in a clinical setting. PMID: 32618499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research
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