Initial dosage optimization of ciclosporin in pediatric Chinese patients who underwent bone marrow transplants based on population pharmacokinetics.

Initial dosage optimization of ciclosporin in pediatric Chinese patients who underwent bone marrow transplants based on population pharmacokinetics. Exp Ther Med. 2020 Jul;20(1):401-408 Authors: Chen X, Yu X, Wang DD, Xu H, Li Z Abstract Bone marrow transplants (BMT) are an established therapeutic strategy for patients with severe aplastic anemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia or chronic myeloid leukemia. However, the successful application of BMT is limited by graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD). Ciclosporin has been widely used for treating GVHD in pediatric patients who underwent BMT. The present study aimed to optimize the dosage of ciclosporin for safety and effectiveness based on population pharmacokinetics. A non-linear mixed-effects model was used to analyze the clinical data of pediatric patients who underwent BMT between September 2016 and September 2019 at the Children's Hospital of Fudan University. Monte Carlo simulations were used to identify the optimal dose of ciclosporin. The final population pharmacokinetic model indicated that body weight and days post-transplant influenced the clearance of ciclosporin in pediatric patients who underwent BMT. The present study indicated that the optimal initial dose of ciclosporin for pediatric patients weighing 5-30 kg who underwent BMT was 6 mg/kg/day split into 2 doses. PMID: 32537004 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Zhongyi Zhang, Wen-Xiong Wang, Nengjian Zheng, Yansheng Cao, Hongwei Xiao, Renguo Zhu, Hui Guan, Huayun Xiao
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation ResearchAuthor(s): Klaudia Kulczynska-Figurny, James J. Bieker, Miroslawa Siatecka
Source: Mutation Research Reviews in Mutation Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study therefore investigated the impacts of RRCC on air pollution based on detailed household heating data obtained from intensive face-to-face interviews in Shandong province, China. The total contributions and specific contributions of coal, stoves, and coal-stove combinations to air pollution were simulated using the WRF-CAMx-PSAT model. The RRCC for heating had a considerable impact on air pollution, contributing 36.1, 9.1, and 16.1% of atmospheric SO2, NOx, and PM2.5 in winter, respectively. Different coal-stove combinations had different impacts on air pollution and mitigation efficiencies. The combination of bi...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Abstract Limited studies focus on the occurrence, removal rate and seasonal variation of substituted diphenylamine antioxidants (SDPAs) in surface water and wastewater in China. In this paper, the detection method of SDPAs was established by the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Daily variations suggested that significant variations were found for the concentrations of some SDPAs in the influent. It was found that the SDPAs could be detected in all the effluent samples and C8/C8-DPA was the predominant compound in two WWTPs. The levels of most SDPAs in the effluent were much lower t...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The SMs in PWIBDs and a craniotomy performed immediately before starting the process of determining brain death seem to be related to lengthening the TT-BD. PMID: 33029974 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a rare, but life-threatening complication. PTLD typically develops within 6-12 months of HSCT, which is before the reconstitution of EBV-specific cytotoxic T-cell immunity. Several risk factors for developing PTLD have been reported in the literature, including the use of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and ex vivo T-cell depletion (TCD). However, only a few large-scale retrospective studies have been conducted and risk scores have not yet been well defined. Therefore, to further evaluate the probability of and risk...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 723. Clinical Allogeneic and Autologous Transplantation: Late Complications and Approaches to Disease Recurrence: HSCT Late Effects and Disease Monitoring Source Type: research
Conclusion: Complex karyotype was most frequently associated with myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia. Trisomy 21 and deletion 5q were the commonest cytogenetic abnormalities found. We also assessed complex karyotype in benign diseases and detected one patient of aplastic anemia with complex karyotype. This is the first study highlighting the presence of complex karyotypes in hematological disorders in our region. PMID: 29971104 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although hematologists still prefer perfectly matched foreign donors when a fully matched domestic allo-HSCT donor is not available, we confirmed that there was variation in their responses. For evidence-based clinical practice, it is necessary to provide further comparative clinical evidence on allo-HSCT from haplo-matched family donors and fully matched unrelated international donors. PMID: 28401099 [PubMed]
Source: Blood Research - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Res Source Type: research
Conclusion SDF-1/CXCR4 axis plays a crucial role in engraftment; however, more studies are warranted to assess their expression post-transplant. Evaluating the ligand (chemokine, SDF-1) or its receptor (CXCR4) may serve as potential surrogate markers for assessment of engraftment.
Source: Hematology Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Acute Leukemia | Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia | Acute Myeloid Leukemia | Anemia | Aplastic Anemia | Bone Marrow Transplant | Children | China Health | Chronic Leukemia | Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia | General Medicine | Hospitals | Leukemia | Pediatrics | Study | Transplants