Immune-inflammatory and autoimmune mechanisms in postpartum depression.

[Immune-inflammatory and autoimmune mechanisms in postpartum depression]. Psychiatriki. 2020 Jan-Mar;31(1):47-56 Authors: Konstantinou G, Spyropoulou A, Zervas I Abstract Postpartum depression is a debilitating mental disorder with a high prevalence, usually related with a past psychiatric history of major depressive disorder, postpartum depression, bipolar disorder, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and perinatal depressive symptoms during gestation. However, the existing literature does not sufficiently elucidate the pathophysiology of this clinical entity which appears in such a crucial period of woman's life. This review aims to search the available data regarding the involvement of immunological and autoimmune mechanisms in its onset. A literature review was conducted using web-based search engines provided by PubMed (for Medline database) and Google Scholar. Manuscripts in English and Greek language were included for the period 19902017. Nowadays, a large body of evidence indicates that depressive disorders are accompanied by activated neuro-immune, neuro-oxidative and neuro-nitrosative stress (IO&NS) pathways. However, clinical research regarding the biological mechanisms associated with PPD is a tough challenge as pregnancy and puerperium are periods of adaptive changes in pregnant women by definition. Two of the systems that have been studied as potentially contributing to the onset of PPD are: the activation of the Inflammatory Response System (IRS) ...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

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