Occupational exposure to blood in multiple trauma care.

CONCLUSION: The process of treatment in prehospital settings is less predictable than in other settings in which invasive procedures are performed. Periodic training and awareness programs for trauma care personnel are required to increase the knowledge of occupational infections and the compliance with standard precautions. The legal and ethical aspects of testing an index patient for blood-borne pathogens after a needlestick injury of a healthcare worker have to be clarified in Germany. PMID: 25566692 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research

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Identification and knowledge of settings with high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is important when aiming for elimination of HCV. The primary aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence ...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study showed excellent efficacy with the safety profile of this drug combination in End Stage Renal Disease patients. However, larger prospective studies and multicenter randomized controlled trials are needed for further confirmation.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Abstract Given the high burden of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSW) and their potential role in bridging HIV/STIs into the general population, estimating the prevalence of HIV/STIs among FSW is essential for future research and policy developments. This systematic review and meta-analysis synthesize the available HIV/STIs data among FSW in Iran. We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Iranian databases from inception through to January 2018. Inclusion criteria were original quantitative studies that measured HIV/STIs preva...
Source: Archives of Sexual Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Arch Sex Behav Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate whether the CLD prevalence changed between 1998-2001 and 2016-2017. Data were extracted from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2001 to 2016-2017; n=25,893). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was defined as a hepatic steatosis index>36 in the absence of any other evidence of CLD. The definition of alcoholrelated liver disease (ALD) was excessive alcohol consumption (≥210 g/week for men and ≥140 g/week for women) and an ALD/NAFLD index>0. The prevalence of NAFLD increased from 18.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.8-19.5%) in 1998-2001 to 21.5%...
Source: Clinical and molecular hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Mol Hepatol Source Type: research
ConclusionHBP-doughnut nodules without APHE in cirrhotic liver were not infrequent. None became malignant. We propose calling them ‘multiacinar cirrhotic nodules’ based on the classification by an International Working Party.Key Points• HBP-doughnut nodules without APHE were seen in 6% of patients with liver cirrhosis.• The enhancement peak of HBP-doughnut nodules without APHE was in the portal phase, which reflected the fact that they were supplied predominantly by the portal vein, based on angiography-assisted CT findings.• None of the HBP-doughnut nodules without APHE in cirrhotic liver became...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Sorafenib is of proven efficacy in treating patients of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our study was aimed to determine the factors influence the sorafenib efficacy. We evaluated data of HCC patients receiving sorafenib from June 2012 to October 2016. All HCC cases were of the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) classification stage C. The exclusion criteria: those of BCLC classification stage A or B, with the absence or co-infection of hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV). The presence of HBV, HCV, macoscopic vascular invasion (MVI) or extrahepatic spread (EHS) was recorded for each patient. Time-to-progression (TTP...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe overall prevalence of HBV/HIV coinfection remained high among HIV-infected patients in Taiwan. Despite recommendations of the HIV treatment guidelines for the management of HBV infection, a substantial proportion of HIV/HBV-coinfected patients received cART containing only LAM for HBV infection.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study provides the first comprehensive data on the prevalence of HBV and HCV infections among Omani SCD patients exposed to blood transfusions. Reassuringly, no case with HIV was observed. Keywords: Prevalence; Hepatitis; HBV; HCV; HIV; infection 
Source: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
This study compared quality of life scores in patients with chronic hepatitis C and hepatitis B, both before treatment initiation and at the time of full HBV suppression or HCV eradication.Liver International
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news
Authors: El-Kady DS, Ali NA, Sayed AH, Abdelhaliem MM, Elmegeed GA, Ahmed HH Abstract Cancer is recognized as one of the most prevalent contributors to mortality in several nations and it remains one of the common health issues globally. In particular, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a public health problem along with the increase of hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) virus infections. Based on this fact, our study goaled to synthesize newly hybrid drugs containing heterocyclic rings incorporated to steroid moiety and to examine the potential antitumor activity of the newly designed heterosteroid der...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
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