If Surgeons Embrace Adenoma Detection Rate Measurement and Improvement, Cancers Will Be Prevented and Lives Will Be Saved

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Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

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A 53-year-old male with history of colon cancer status post neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radiation and colectomy, hyperlipidemia, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, obesity, hernia repair, and asthma presented to the urology clinic complaining of left inguinal swelling. Upon presentation, vital signs were unremarkable, but physical exam revealed a firm, palpable, nontender abnormality of the left inguinal region. Subsequent CT scan with IV contrast revealed a large presacral fluid collection (7.0  × 2.4 cm) and complex cystic structure arising from the left tunica albuginea (3.8 × 3.0 cm) adjacent to...
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Grand Rounds Source Type: research
Conclusion Patients were willing to trade off some degree of efficacy to avoid certain severity of side effects. It is therefore crucial for patients and physicians to discuss patients' preferences and circumstances to understand which attributes are more important, as well as patients' views on the trade-offs between treatment benefits and risks. PMID: 32609014 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Conclusion: This work not only provided a small-sized carrier platform that was able to load multiple hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs with high loading capacity, but also provided an effective regimen for enhanced tumor penetration and improved anti-tumor immunity.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: DOT1L acetylation by CBP drives CRC progression and metastasis. Targeting DOT1L deacetylation signaling is a potential therapeutic strategy for DOT1L-driven cancers.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that PR-OCT can be used to give an accurate real-time computer-aided diagnosis of colonic neoplastic mucosa. Future development of this system as an "optical biopsy" tool to assist doctors in real-time for early mucosal neoplasms screening and treatment evaluation following initial oncologic therapy is planned.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: sOKGM-PS-miR-31i/Cur microspheres are effective rectal delivery system with combined advantages of mucoadhesive and mucus-penetrating properties, representing a potent and viable therapeutic approach for CRC.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Tumor-targeting bacteria have been actively investigated as a new therapeutic tool for solid tumors. However, in vivo imaging of tumor-targeting bacteria has not been fully established. 18F-fluorodeoxysorbitol (FDS) positron emission tomography (PET) is known to be capable of imaging Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae infection. In the present study, we aimed to validate the use of 18F-FDS PET for visualization of the colonization and proliferation of tumor-targeting Escherichia coli (E. coli) MG1655 in mouse tumor models.Methods: E. coli (5 × 107 colony forming unit) were injected intravenously into BALB/c mice bearin...
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: All results demonstrate that this strategy based on endogenous H2S promoted Fe(III)/Fe(II) transformation together with PTT acceleration permits efficient Fenton-reaction- mediated CDT both in vitro and in vivo, which holds great potential for effective colon cancer theranostics.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: PTL ameliorated colon inflammation in a gut microbiota-dependent manner. The underlying protective mechanism was associated with the improved Treg/Th17 balance in intestinal mucosa mediated through the increased microbiota-derived SCFAs production. Collectively, our results demonstrated the role of PTL as a potential gut microbiota modulator to prevent and treat IBD.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: Dicer was downregulated in inflamed colon tissues before malignancy occurred. Decreased Dicer expression further exaggerated inflammation, which may promote carcinogenesis. Anastrozole, berberine, and pranoprofen alleviated colitis and colitis-associated tumorigenesis by promoting Dicer expression. Our study provides insight into potential colitis treatment and colitis-associated colon cancer prevention strategies.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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