Prevalence of hepatitis C virus among HIV-infected patients.

Conclusion: The results of this survey indicated that 32.05% of HIV patients were positive for HCV Ab, among them 24.35% were positive HCV RNA. HCV genotype 3a was dominant and detected in the three males IDU. Regarding the consequences of HIV/HCV co-infection, it is suggested that HCV RNA detection should be regularly checked in individuals infected with HIV. PMID: 32494350 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Iran J Microbiol Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe CUAs for CHC were found to apply to various HSUVs from different utility elicitation studies in the same health state. This variability in HSUVs has the potential to significantly affect ICER and ICER-based reimbursement decisions. A rigorous selection of HSUVs in CUAs to inform healthcare resource allocation is suggested for future studies of CUAs and for guideline development.
Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionIn hepatitis C (HCV) patients, obesity and/or diabetes may increase the risk of liver-related outcomes. We aimed to determine whether diabetes and/or obesity are associated with adverse outcomes in direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-treated HCV patients.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective study of 33,003 HCV-infected, DAA-treated Veterans between 2013 and 2015. Body mass index was used to categorize patients into underweight (
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Hepatitis C virus is an enveloped, single stranded RNA virus, approximately 50 nm in diameter, that has been classified as a separate genus in the Flaviviridae family. Most persons infected with hepatitis C virus develop chronic infection. These chronically infected individuals have a relatively high risk of developing chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. There is currently no vaccine to prevent the hepatitis C virus infection. The present invention relates to human monoclonal antibodies which exhibit immunological binding affinity for the hepatitis C virus E2 glycoprotein and are cross-reactive...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Herrero JI, Ampuero J, Fernández Rodríguez CM Abstract Hepatitis C is a major cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as the primary indication for liver transplant in Europe. The highly effective direct-acting antivirals currently available make it possible to achieve the hepatitis C elimination targets set by the World Health Organization. For this, population screening and one-step diagnosis are fundamental strategies. PMID: 32611193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Authors: Piñero F, Tanno M, Soteras GA, Baña MT, Dirchwolf M, Fassio E, Ruf A, Mengarelli S, Borzi S, Fernández N, Ridruejo E, Descalzi V, Anders M, Mazzolini G, Reggiardo V, Marciano S, Perazzo F, Spina JC, McCormack L, Maraschio M, Lagues C, Gadano A, Villamil F, Silva M, Cairo F, Ameigeiras B, Argentinean Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (A.A.E.E.H) Abstract The A.A.E.E.H has developed this guideline for the best care of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from Argentina. It was done from May 2018 to March 2020. Specific clinical research questions were systematically sea...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 June 2020Source: Hepatobiliary &Pancreatic Diseases InternationalAuthor(s): Patrick P Y Chan, Miriam T Levy, Nicholas Shackel, Scott A Davison, Emilia Prakoso
Source: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Background &Aims: The clinical value of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) as a marker to detect early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been questioned owing to its low sensitivity and specificity. The purpose of this work was to investigate whether serum Wnt/β-catenin and DKK1 levels in chronic hepatitis C patients could be used as early predictors for the risk of HCC development. Methods: The study was conducted on 37 healthy controls, and 150 CHC patients were divided into three groups: CHC, liver cirrhosis (LC), and HCC patients. AFP, AFP-L3, β-catenin, and DKK-1 were assayed by ELISA. Results: Both β-catenin...
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We present two patients with malignancies that developed in transplanted organs and were treated with dynamic tumor-tracking (DTT) stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). The first patient underwent transplantation owing to liver cirrhosis caused by hepatitis C virus and subsequently developed hepatocellular carcinoma in the donated liver. There was no evidence of recurrence 12  months post-treatment, and liver function enzyme levels did not deviate from their pre-SBRT baselines. The second patient had a solitary tongue cancer metastasis in a transplanted lung; she also had a history of interstitial pneumonia caus...
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Mohamed AA, Omran D, El-Feky S, Darwish H, Kassas A, Farouk A, Ezzat O, Abdo SM, Zahran FE, El-Demery A, Omran MM Abstract BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B and C viruses are leading causes of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of HCC linked to hepatitis B. We hypothesised a role of leukocyte TLR7 mRNA in hepatitis C related liver cirrhosis and HCC, using alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and liver function tests as comparators. METHODS: We recruited 102 patients with HCV-related HCC, 97 with HCV related liver cirrhosis and 60 healthy con...
Source: British Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Br J Biomed Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe 5 ‐5‐500 rule could predict prognosis in BCLC‐B patients with hepatic resection. Hepatic resection might provide survival benefit for selected patients with BCLC‐B HCC within the 5‐5‐500 rule.
Source: Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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