Changing Social Networks Among Homeless Individuals: A Prospective Evaluation of a Job- and Life-Skills Training Program.

In this study of homeless adults completing a job- and life-skills program (i.e., the Moving Ahead Program at St. Francis House, Boston), we prospectively examined changes in social network quality, size, and composition. Among the sample of participants (n = 150), we observed positive changes in social network quality over time. However, social network size and composition did not change among the full sample. The subset of participants who reported abstaining from alcohol during the months before starting the program reported healthy changes in their social networks; specifically, while completing the program, they re-structured their social networks such that fewer members of their network used alcohol to intoxication. We discuss practical implications of these findings. PMID: 25563486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

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Publication date: February 2020Source: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, Volume 141Author(s): Fernando Hevia, Juan Antonio González, Ana Cobos, Isaías García de la Fuente, L.F. SanzAbstractRelative permittivities at 1 MHz, εr, at 0.1 MPa and (293.15–303.15) K and refractive indices, nD, at similar conditions have been measured for the alkan-1-ol (methanol, propan-1-ol, butan-1-ol, pentan-1-ol or heptan-1-ol) + N,N-diethylethanamine (TEA) systems. Positive values of the excess permittivities, εrE, are encountered for the methanol system at high alcohol concentration...
Source: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsGöttingen Minipigs fed CDAHFD developed pronounced steatosis with inflammation around steatotic hepatocytes and incipient fibrosis, thereby showing potential as a model for human NASH. Further studies are needed to investigate the period needed for marked fibrosis to develop.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2019Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental HepatologyAuthor(s): Shivaram Prasad Singh, Rakesh Kumar BarikAbstractNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease worldwide. NAFLD encompasses a spectrum of disease ranging from simple steatosis (NAFL) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, despite the growing recognition of this important disease burden, there are significant challenges to accurately and non-invasively diagnose the various forms of NAFLD, especially to differentiate benig...
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Alcohol Consumption Can be a "Double-Edged Sword" for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients. Med Sci Monit. 2019 Sep 20;25:7059-7072 Authors: Fan Z, Yun J, Yu S, Yang Q, Song L Abstract Excessive drinking of alcohol is becoming a worldwide problem, and people have recognized that there exists a close relationship between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and alcohol consumption. However, there are many inconsistencies between experimental and clinical studies on alcohol consumption and kidney damage. The possible reason for this contradictory conclusion is the complex drinking pattern of humans and some...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results suggest that steatotic grafts should be used for recipients without severe liver failure to avoid ABS, and that endoscopic stenting of post-LT ABS leads to a high success rate, but is associated with a significant risk of recurrence.
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Siwiec E, Szynkowska A, Milkiewicz M, Marlicz W, Stachowska E Abstract Conjugated dienes of linoleic acid (CLA) are constitutional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid that are commonly used as dietary supplements during body mass reduction. Their role in the reduction of lipid deposits in liver tissue is not unequivocal. CLA contain an equimolar mixture of two isomers of linoleic acid: trans-10,cis-12 CLA and cis-9,trans-11. Only one isomer - trans-10,cis-12 CLA exhibits fat-reducing properties, cis-9,trans-11 CLA does not. The main goal of this study was to determine if CLA isomers affect the activatio...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Materials Today CommunicationsAuthor(s): Samayita Chakraborty, Rabin Bera, Arup Mandal, Ayan Dey, Debabrata Chakrabarty, Eldon R. Rene, Piet N.L. LensAbstractA co-polymer gel of N-tert-butylacrylamide and acrylic acid was swelled in alcohols differing in its dipole moment and H-bonding interaction parameter so as to inspect the relative affinities of the gel towards alcohols. The gel swelled 900% in ethanol, 1200 % in propanol and 750% in butanol. The extent of swelling can be used as a guide for preferential removal of particular alcohol from its mixture. Studies...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
bu Morita The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between the influence of occupational stress and coping style on periodontitis among Japanese workers. The study sample included 738 workers (age range: 19–65 years) at a manufacturing company in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. To analyze occupational stress and coping style, all participants answered a self-report questionnaire composed of items on their work environment and oral health behavior. Oral examinations were performed by calibrated dentists. Among all workers, 492 (66.7%) workers were diagnosed with periodontitis, and 50 (6....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: DENTAL SUPPLEMENT, Candotto V, Oberti L, Gabrione F, Greco G, Rossi D, Romano M, Mummolo S Abstract Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate is the most common craniofacial anomaly affecting around 1 in 700 live births worldwide. Clefts of the human face can be classified anatomically as cleft palate only (CPO), cleft lip only (CLO), cleft lip and palate (CLP) or a combined group of cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P), based on different in embryologic development. These malformations have some genetic origin, in fact several association studies have been performed to obtain important ...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
PSA: there’s some text missing from the headlines popping up lately that show quitting drinking improves women’s mental health. Essentially, the findings of the Canadian Medical Association Journal are that not drinking at all is actually better for your health than drinking when you’re stressed, no matter how much you want to lean into the whole a-glass-of-red-wine-a-day-is-good-for-you thing. But it’s not that simple. There’s no foolproof formula like: “If I stop drinking, then my mental health will improve” (as nice as that would be). For many of us, there’s legwork neces...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Publishers The Fix Emotional Support Mental Health sober Sobriety Source Type: blogs
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