Inhibition of β-glucosidase overcomes gastric cancer chemoresistance through inducing lysosomal dysfunction

Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and GastroenterologyAuthor(s): Zheng Li, Dongqiang Xu, Xudong Tong, Changxing Shan
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 4 July 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Pengliang Wang, Jingyu Deng, Zhe Sun, Wei Wang, Zhenning Wang, Huimian Xu, Zhiwei Zhou, Han Liang
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Miftahussurur M, Waskito LA, Fauzia KA, Mahmudah I, Doohan D, Adnyana IK, Khomsan A, Ratnasari N, Rezkitha YAA Abstract Helicobacter pylori infects more than half the human population. However, the prevalence in Indonesia is low, as is the prevalence of gastric cancer. Hence, it could be instructive to compare these prevalence rates and their determining factors with those of countries that have high gastric cancer incidence. Ethnicity and genetic characteristics of H. pylori are important determinants of the H. pylori infection rate in Indonesia. The infection rate is higher in Bataknese, Papuans and Bugi...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Authors: Zhan LH, Dong YJ, Yang K, Lei SS, Li B, Teng X, Zhou C, Luo R, Yu QX, Jin HY, Lv GY, Chen SH Abstract Suanzaoren decoction (SZRT), a classic Chinese herbal prescription, has been used as a treatment for insomnia for more than a thousand years. However, recent studies have found no significant effects of SZRT as a treatment for insomnia caused by gastric discomfort. Herein, we studied the effects of modified Suanzaoren decoction (MSZRD) on gastrointestinal disorder-related insomnia. The main constituents of MSZRD were spinosin (2.21 mg/g) and 6-feruloylspinosin (0.78 mg/g). A pentobarbital-ind...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Isolation of Oxyberberine and β-Sitosterol from Berberis lycium Royle Root Bark Extract and In Vitro Cytotoxicity against Liver and Lung Cancer Cell Lines. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020;2020:2596082 Authors: Anwar MA, Tabassam S, Gulfraz M, Sheeraz Ahmad M, Raja GK, Arshad M Abstract Berberis lycium Royle has been traditionally used to cure rheumatism, eye and ear diseases, malarial fever, diabetes, stomach disorders, and skin diseases. There is a least amount of data available on cytotoxic capacity of Berberis lycium from Pakistani origin, so on this basis, the present study was aimed ...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Imakura T, Tezuka T, Inayama M, Miyamoto R, Abe A, Otsuka K, Yoshida S, Kudo E, Haku T Abstract Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is an acute, progressive, and fatal disease. PTTM manifests as subacute respiratory failure with pulmonary hypertension, progressive right-sided heart failure, and sudden death. An antemortem diagnosis of PTTM is very difficult to obtain, and many patients die within several weeks. We herein report a case of PTTM diagnosed based on a transbronchial lung biopsy. In this case, we finally diagnosed PTTM due to gastric cancer because of its histological identity. The...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsLVI, ulcer, submucosal invasion, and positive vertical margin are independently associated with LN or distant metastasis after non-curative ER of undifferentiated-type EGC. Surgical resection is strongly recommended for patients with two or more risk factors.
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsRP11-323N12.5 was the most up-regulated lncRNA in human GC and it promotedYAP1 transcription by binding to c-MYC within theYAP1 promoter in both GC and T cells.RP11-323N12.5 is an ideal therapeutic target in human GC due to its tumor-promoting and immunosuppression characteristics.
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
This study continued investigations into the therapeutic potential of oridonin against gastric carcinoma, and the underlying mechanism. An in vitro 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay with BGC823 cells was used to examine the cytotoxicity and apoptosis associated with oridonin treatment. RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry results showed evaluated levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31), integrin β3, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in BGC823 cells, or BGC823 xenografts nude mice. The inhibitory effect of oridonin was determ...
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
Gamma linolenic acid suppresses hypoxia-induced gastric cancer cell growth and epithelial-mesenchymal transition by inhibiting the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2020 Jul 01;: Authors: Wang Y, Shi J, Gong L Abstract INTRODUCTION: Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies in China and the fifth most common cancer in the world. Gamma linolenic acid (GLA) was reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect and mechanism of GLA on gastric cancer cell growth under hypoxic conditions. MATER...
Source: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica - Category: Cytology Tags: Folia Histochem Cytobiol Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study evaluated effects of targeting STING in TAMs in anti-gastric-cancer therapies. Moreover, we unveil a novel function of STING to activate the IL6R-JAK-IL24 pathway in macrophages.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Gastric (Stomach) Cancer | Gastroenterology