Prevalence of hypertension in adults in the city of São Paulo and associated factors

Conclusion: The prevalence of self-reported hypertension increased significantly in the study period. Considering this disease ’ s impact on society, knowing its current prevalence and identifying its main associated factors, the need to intensify the efforts to prevent it disease is evident in order to mitigate damage to individuals and impact on public expenditure.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders, characterized by hyperglycemia, resulting from relative insulin deficiency, often on a background of insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes), or (near) absolute insulin deficiency related to autoimmune pathophysiology (type 1 diabetes). The most common form is type 2 diabetes, and its global prevalence is rising as a result of changes in lifestyle and lengthening of life expectancy.1,2 An estimated 463 million people aged 20 to 79 yr have diabetes,3 which corresponds to 9.3% of the adult population and represents a four-fold increase in diabetes prevalence since 1980.4 Pati...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
AbstractIncreased intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a defined clinical condition; however, an unsolved pathophysiologic background usually creates problems in its diagnosis and proper approach. The aim of this study was to emphasize the clinical conditions and brain magnetic resonce imaging (MRI) clues of pediatric patients, especially this clinical entity with high morbidity. Here, we review the etiology, clinical presentation, brain MRI findings, and prognosis of IIH in children. The symptoms ’ onset age ranged from 9 months to 16 years. Headache (81%), vomiting (37%), and diplopia (33.3%) were the most ...
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In conclusion, sitting for prolonged periods of time without interruption is unfavorably associated with DBP and HDL cholesterol. Exercise Slows Inappropriate Growth of Blood Vessels in a Mouse Model of Macular Degeneration https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/07/exercise-slows-inappropriate-growth-of-blood-vessels-in-a-mouse-model-of-macular-degeneration/ Excessive growth of blood vessels beneath the retina is a proximate cause of blindness in conditions such as macular degeneration. Researchers here provide evidence for physical activity to be influential in the pace at which this process of tissue...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
According to the CDC, people with chronic diseases, such as obesity, hypertension and type-2 diabetes, are a staggering 12 times more likely to die from the coronavirus – and Black Americans have a higher prevalence of many of these conditions. In Baltimore, medical staff from Johns Hopkins are joining forces with "trusted messengers" – including faith leaders from a historic local mosque – to improve health outcomes for the Black community. Allison Aubrey, o f National Public Radio, reports.
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
(CNN) — If you want to be one of the first to receive an experimental vaccine for Covid-19, now’s your chance. Wednesday, a new website — coronaviruspreventionnetwork.org — went live allowing people in the United States to register to take part in clinical trials for vaccines and monoclonal antibody therapies. The website will handle registration for the four large vaccine studies that are expected to start this summer and fall, and any others that follow. The US Department of Health and Human Services announced the website Wednesday, along with the appointment of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health CNN Coronavirus Coronavirus Vaccine Source Type: news
Authors: Dedefo MG, Gemechu DB, Fekadu G, Tekle Dibessa T Abstract Background: Hypertension is a prevalent comorbid condition in diabetes, affecting ∼20-60% of patients with diabetes, depending on obesity, ethnicity, and age. Adults with diabetes historically have two or three times higher rate of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than adults without diabetes. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess blood pressure (BP) control and its predictors among hypertensive diabetic patients on follow-up at the chronic clinic of Nekemte Referral Hospital (NRH) in West Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research
Authors: Dutra JDM, Lisboa QC, Ferolla SM, Carvalho CMML, Mendes CCM, Ferrari TCA, Couto CA Abstract Some epidemiological evidence suggests an inverse correlation between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) frequency and vitamin D levels. Likewise, a beneficial effect of vitamin D on diabetes mellitus (DM) and insulin resistance has been observed, but this is an unsolved issue. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in a NAFLD Brazilian population and its association with disease severity and presence of comorbidities. In a cross-sectional study, the clinical, biochemical and histo...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
[Health of adolescents in the 1997/1998 birth cohort in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil]. Cad Saude Publica. 2020;36(7):e00164519 Authors: Simões VMF, Batista RFL, Alves MTSSBE, Ribeiro CCC, Thomaz EBAF, Carvalho CA, Silva AAMD Abstract The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of health indicators among adolescents in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil, in 2016. The analysis included sociodemographic conditions, life habits, body composition, sleep quality, physical activity, cognitive performance, and suicide risk in 2,515 adolescents 18 to 19 years o...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
no LK Abstract Purpose To analyze, in aged obese patients, the weight loss, comorbidity control, and safety postoperative complications of bariatric surgery by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass technique. Methods Twenty-seven patients who underwent laparoscopic weight-reducing gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to treat obesity were included. All patients were ≥ 60 years old at the time of surgery. The Wilcoxon test was used for statistical analysis, and a p-value ≤0.05it was considered significant. Results Ten (90.9%) patients with dyslipidemia were cured (p
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
AbstractToo many children in Europe are overweight. The unregulated marketing of unhealthy products target to children, and the installation of vending machines stocked with unhealthy snacks in public venues, are contributing factors. While innovative legislation on the regulation of the nutritional quality of food and beverages sold in vending machines in schools has become law in some European countries, it is not on the political agenda in others. However, an easy alternative solution could be to introduce a clause in all new tenders for vending machines, which states that the successful supplier must commit to ensuring...
Source: High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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