The efficacy of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

CONCLUSION: our study suggested that GLP-1RAs may improve LFF, BMI and adiponectin in patients with NAFLD. Furthermore, the potential efficacy to treat NAFLD was also shown. More high-quality RCTs are needed to validate our findings. PMID: 32496108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research

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Authors: Dutra JDM, Lisboa QC, Ferolla SM, Carvalho CMML, Mendes CCM, Ferrari TCA, Couto CA Abstract Some epidemiological evidence suggests an inverse correlation between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) frequency and vitamin D levels. Likewise, a beneficial effect of vitamin D on diabetes mellitus (DM) and insulin resistance has been observed, but this is an unsolved issue. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in a NAFLD Brazilian population and its association with disease severity and presence of comorbidities. In a cross-sectional study, the clinical, biochemical and histo...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the association between elevated ALT in early pregnancy and the development of gestational diabetes or preeclampsia in late pregnancy. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, pregnant women who met the following inclusion criteria were included: 1) singleton pregnancy; 2) ALT levels were measured in antenatal outpatient clinic at 4-20 weeks of gestation; 3) patients were screened for gestational diabetes and delivered in Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center. Cases with viral hepatitis or other liver diseases were excluded. The early ALT levels were divid...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises fatty liver (steatosis), non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis/cirrhosis and may lead to end-stage liver failure or hepatocellular carcinoma. NAFLD is tightly associated with the most frequent metabolic disorders, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Both multisystem diseases share several common mechanisms. Alterations of tissue communications include excessive lipid and later cytokine release by dysfunctional adipose tissue, intestinal dysbiosis and ectopic fat deposition in skeletal muscle.
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings will provide guidance to clinicians and patients on the use of n-3 PUFAs for NAFLD. Ethics and dissemination: This study is a protocol for a systematic review of n-3 PUFAs as a treatment of NAFLD patients. This review will be published in a journal and disseminated in print by peer-review. Systematic review registration: INPLASY202050008.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research
AbstractWe herein report the clinical course of a 56-year-old Japanese patient with slowly progressive type 1 diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and severe insulin resistance. The patient ’s intravenous glucose tolerance test indicated marked reductions in insulin sensitivity and endogenous insulin secretion. Accordingly, administration of ipragliflozinl-proline, a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, promoted improvements in insulin sensitivity and blood glucose levels, as well as a decrease in visceral fat, improvement in dyslipidemia, and decrease in hepatic lipid conten...
Source: Diabetology International - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicated that HCBP6 is essential in maintaining lipid and glucose homeostasis and body temperature. HCBP6 augmented by ginsenosides Rh2 may be a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of metabolic disorders in NAFLD mice. PMID: 32535386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Abstract Liver cirrhosis and diabetes mellitus (DM) are both common conditions with significant socioeconomic burden and impact on morbidity and mortality. A bidirectional relationship exists between DM and liver cirrhosis regarding both etiology and disease-related complications. Type 2 DM (T2DM) is a well-recognized risk factor for chronic liver disease and vice-versa, DM may develop as a complication of cirrhosis, irrespective of its etiology. Liver transplantation (LT) represents an important treatment option for patients with end-stage liver disease due to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which repr...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
co Giannini Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most frequent primary liver cancer, is the sixth most common cancer, the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and accounts globally for about 800,000 deaths/year. Early detection of HCC is of pivotal importance as it is associated with improved survival and the ability to apply curative treatments. Chronic liver diseases, and in particular cirrhosis, are the main risk factors for HCC, but the etiology of liver disease is rapidly changing due to improvements in the prevention and treatment of HBV (Hepatitis B virus) and HCV (Hepatitis C virus) infect...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
We, previously, demonstrated that children with Down syndrome (DS) exhibited a greater risk of steatosis than the general pediatric population. This trend is independent of obese phenotype, thus suggesting a role of genetic predisposition. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in function of genetic susceptibility and adipocytokine levels in children with DS.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In NAFLD patients, although asymptomatic, it is recommended to systematically perform polysomnography in order to early and better treat them before the development of potentially life threatening systemic dysfunctions. PMID: 32523319 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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