Effects of modulating gamma oscillations via 40Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) on Tau PET imaging in mild to moderate Alzheimers Disease

Conclusion: The study demonstrates preliminary evidence of the potential beneficial impact of gamma-induction tACS protocols in AD, also showing the utility of Tau PET tracers as [18F]-AV-1451 for the reliable detection/quantification of modification in p-Tau deposition in AD. Acknowledgements: DARPA project D17AP00080, RO1A6060981, P41EB022544
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Neurodegenerative Diseases Source Type: research

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Conclusion: In methodologically heterogeneous studies of uncertain applicability to typical clinical settings, amyloid PET, 18F-FDG PET, and MRI were highly sensitive for neuropathologic AD. Amyloid PET, 18F-FDG PET, and CSF test combinations may add accuracy to clinical evaluation. Primary Funding Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (PROSPERO: CRD42018117897). PMID: 32340038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to study the Tau PET images in these patients. Methods Clinical features, brain magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography (MRI/CT), and brain 18F-THK-5351 PET were recorded in five patients with the APP p.D678H mutation and correlated with brain 18F-AV-45 PET images. We also compared the tau deposition patterns among five patients with familial mild cognitive impairment (fMCI), six patients with sporadic amnestic mild cognitive impairment (sMCI), nine patients with mild to moderate dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and 12 healthy controls (HCs). All of the subjects also recei...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The use of antidepressants, especially SNRIs, was associated with a shorter survival time of sCJD patients. The possible changes in neurotransmitters should be emphasized. Scientifically, this study may provide insights into the mechanism of CJD. Clinically, it may contribute to the early diagnosis of CJD.IntroductionDepression is common in the elderly. Its prevalence rate is as high as 11.19%, and this increases progressively with worsening cognitive impairment (1). The presence of depression is an acknowledged risk factor for dementia (2); it can even double the risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (3, 4)...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion Taken together, evidence from animal and human studies demonstrates that the brain detects levels of circulating nutrients and hormones and consequently organizes an outward response that contributes to the regulation of whole-body glucose homeostasis. However, there are major knowledge gaps about the exact nature of this response and its relative importance compared to peripheral processes. As we have seen, animal studies have provided an anatomical map of CNS glucose regulation and have identified important neurons and neural circuits involved. Additionally, the CNS sensing of key nutrients and hormones has b...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Beta Amyloid Deposition Is Not Associated With Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease Tracy R. Melzer1,2,3†, Megan R. Stark1,2†, Ross J. Keenan1,4, Daniel J. Myall1, Michael R. MacAskill1,2, Toni L. Pitcher1,2,3, Leslie Livingston1,2, Sophie Grenfell1, Kyla-Louise Horne1,2, Bob N. Young1, Maddie J. Pascoe1, Mustafa M. Almuqbel1,2,4, Jian Wang5, Steven H. Marsh6, David H. Miller1,2,7, John C. Dalrymple-Alford1,2,3,8 and Tim J. Anderson1,2,3,9* 1New Zealand Brain Research Institute, Christchurch, New Zealand 2Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand 3Brain Rese...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Grand Total EEG Score Can Differentiate Parkinson's Disease From Parkinson-Related Disorders Ela Austria Barcelon1,2*, Takahiko Mukaino1, Jun Yokoyama1, Taira Uehara2, Katsuya Ogata2, Jun-ichi Kira1 and Shozo Tobimatsu2 1Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan2Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan Background: Semi-quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis is easy to perform and has been used to differentiate dementias, as well ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study therefore recruited patients with AD, PDD, and DLB, in comparison with HC, with two main objectives: (1) exploration of the disrupted glucose metabolism network topology (brain network) and comparison of related parameters, and (2) exploration of hemispheric asymmetry. Materials and Methods Participants Metabolic brain images were acquired using 18F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) from four groups, including 22 healthy subjects, and 22, 18, and 22 patients with AD, PDD, and DLB, respectively. Subjects were recruited from the PET Center of Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, Chi...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Vincenzo Tigano1, Giuseppe Lucio Cascini2, Cristina Sanchez-Castañeda3, Patrice Péran4 and Umberto Sabatini5* 1Department of Juridical, Historical, Economic and Social Sciences, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy 2Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy 3Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 4ToNIC, Toulouse NeuroImaging Center, Université de Toulouse, Inserm, UPS, Toulouse, France 5Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Ita...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we analyzed FGF21 levels and alterations in the expression of genes encoding components of the FGF21-responsive molecular machinery in adipose tissue from aged individuals so as to ascertain whether altered FGF21 responsiveness that develops with aging jeopardizes human health and/or accelerates metabolic disturbances associated with aging. We studied a cohort of 28 healthy elderly individuals (≥70 years) with no overt signs of metabolic or other pathologies and compared them with a cohort of 35 young healthy controls (≤40 years). Serum FGF21 levels were significantly increased in elderly indiv...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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