Additional CTA-Subtraction Technique in Detection of Pulmonary Embolism—a Benefit for Patients or Only an Increase in Dose?

In this study, we reevaluated data sets from patients undergoing CT examinations because of suspected pulmonary embolism and compared doses and diagnostic results of the standard protocol to the additional modern CT subtraction technique. Two groups of single-blinded radiologists were provided with CT data sets from 50 patients. One group (G1) had access to full datasets including CT subtraction with perfusion map. The other group (G2) only evaluated conventional CT angiography. Results were compared to final clinical diagnosis. Dose length product (DLP) of CT angiography was compared to CT subtraction technique, which consists of an additional non-contrast-enhanced scan and perfusion map. Effective dose was calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation-based software tool (ImpactDose). Inter-rater agreement of both groups was strong in G1 with κ = .896 and minimal in G2 (κ = .307). Agreement to final diagnosis was strong in both groups (G1, κ = .848; G2, κ = .767). Doses applied using the CT subtraction technique were 34.8% higher than for CT angiography alone (G1 DLP 337.6 ± 171.3 mGy x cm; G2 DLP 220.2 ± 192.8 mGy x cm; p
Source: Health Physics - Category: Radiology Tags: Papers Source Type: research

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In this study, 5% of VF arrest was due to PE: V fib is initial rhythm in PE in 3 of 60 cases. On the other hand, if the presenting rhythm is PEA, then pulmonary embolism is likely.  When there is VF in PE, it is not the initial rhythm, but occurs after prolonged PEA renders the myocardium ischemic.--Another study by Courtney and Kline found that, of cases of arrest that had autopsy and found that a presenting rhythm of VF/VT had an odds ratio of 0.02 for massive pulmonary embolism as the etiology, vs 41.9 for PEA.    ===================================MY Comment by KEN ...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Interobserver agreement in the interpretation of V/Q PET-CT for PE diagnosis was almost perfect. Further studies are now needed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the test and the impact in the management of patients with suspected PE. Agreement was lower with CTPA, mainly as a result of discrepancies in the subsegmental arteries.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Infection/Pulmonary/Outcomes (Poster Session) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Operability assessment by a multidisciplinary team is crucial for the management of CTEPH, as pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) remains the guideline recommended treatment and has the best chance of cure. For inoperable patients or those with residual disease post-PEA, medical therapy or balloon pulmonary angioplasty are potential treatment options. PMID: 32582909 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Acad Med Singapore Source Type: research
Abstract Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a condition characterised by an obstruction of the pulmonary arterial system by one or more emboli. Advanced clinical practitioners are often faced with ruling out a diagnosis of PE in patients with non-specific symptoms such as dyspnoea and pleuritic chest pain, which can be fairly mild and therefore a diagnosis of PE easily missed. PEs can be a challenge to diagnose, especially in elderly people, since it can be difficult to differentiate their symptoms from other less serious illnesses. Widely used scoring tools are helpful to calculate a patient's probability of having a PE....
Source: British Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research
(Abstracted from N Engl J Med 2019;380:1139–1149) Acute pulmonary embolism is one of the leading causes of maternal death, with the overall incidence reported to be 1.72 cases per 1000 deliveries, accounting for approximately 1 death in every 100,000 deliveries. Since the D-dimer test has low specificity and sensitivity, it is common for pregnant women with suspected pulmonary embolism to undergo computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography or ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scanning, both of which involve radiation exposure to the mother and fetus.
Source: Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey - Category: OBGYN Tags: OBSTETRICS: MEDICAL COMPLICATIONS OF PREGNANCY Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this article is to review the imaging findings and current imaging techniques of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) and chronic thromboembolic disease. Special considerations are also discussed, including pregnancy, congenital heart disease, lower extremity computed tomography (CT), and the isolated subsegmental PE.Recent FindingsCT pulmonary angiography and planar ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) lung scintigraphy are the primary means of evaluating pulmonary embolic disease. Magnetic resonance angiography avoids ionizing radiation and iodinated contrast in select patients. V/Q SPECT/CT provi...
Source: Current Respiratory Care Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Kruger PC, Eikelboom JW, Douketis JD, Hankey GJ Abstract Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a potentially life-threatening condition, mandating urgent diagnosis and treatment. The symptoms of PE may be non-specific; diagnosis therefore relies on a clinical assessment and objective diagnostic testing. A clinical decision rule can determine the pre-test probability of PE. If PE is "unlikely", refer for a D-dimer test. If the D-dimer result is normal, PE can be excluded. If D-dimer levels are increased, refer for chest imaging. If PE is "likely", refer for chest imaging. Imaging with computed tomo...
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this pilot study, we have demonstrated the feasibility and potential utility of V/Q PET/CT for the management of patients with suspected acute PE. V/Q PET/CT may be of particular relevance in cases of equivocal findings or isolated subsegmental findings on CTPA, adding further discriminatory information to allow important decision-making regarding application or withholding of treatment courses of therapeutic anticoagulation, which may confer an increased risk of bleeding. Given the other advantages of V/Q PET/CT (reduced acquisition time, low radiation dose), and with increasing availability of 68Ga-genera...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Outcomes/Infectious Disease/Pulmonary II Source Type: research
In conclusion, pulmonary embolism is an important complication of pregnancy. Understanding the recommendations from various specialty groups allows us to be better consultants and assist in the management of these patients. References 1. Righini M, Robert-Ebadi H, Elias A, et al. Diagnosis of pulmonary embolism during pregnancy. Ann Intern Med. 2018; 169:766-773 2. Kirsch J, Brown RKJ, Henry TS, et al. ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® Suspected Pulmonary Embolism. Available at https://acsearch.acr.org/docs/69404/Narrative/. American College of Radiology. Accessed January 2019. 3. Parker JA, Coleman RE, Grady E, et al. SN...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Educational Exhibit Posters Source Type: research
Conclusion: Hybrid SPECT/CT (Q) imaging has a high diagnostic accuracy for detecting PTE than planar (Q) scans interpreted with chest radiographs. In addition, low dose CT used in SPECT/CT was able to identify other non-embolic pathologies (eg: pneumonia, emphysematous bullae, tumor or lymphadenopathy) responsible for perfusion defects which could have been missed on chest radiography thereby increasing the specificity. Modified PIOPED II had a higher number of non-diagnostic results compared to PISAPED which increases the latter's clinical utility.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Clinical Science Posters Source Type: research
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