Gastrointestinal Disorders and the Nervous System

This article describes the neurologic sequelae of various nutritional micronutrient deficiencies, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and liver disease. Where relevant, appropriate treatments for these conditions are also discussed. The developing field of the microbiome and nervous system interaction is also outlined. RECENT FINDINGS Pathology in the gastrointestinal system can affect the nervous system when it causes micronutrient deficiency, when immune responses created by the gastrointestinal system affect the nervous system, when toxins caused by gastrointestinal organ failure harm the nervous system, and when treatments aimed at a gastrointestinal medical condition cause damage to the nervous system as a side effect. SUMMARY This article addresses familiar concepts and new developments in the treatment and understanding of diseases that affect the gut and nervous system simultaneously.
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is associated with cardiovascular disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), metabolic syndrome, and psychiatric disease. Furthermore, psoriasis is associated with immune dysregulation and systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis with IBD and the association of the combination of psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis with IBD and other gastrointestinal illnesses. METHODS: Discharge data from the 2000-2014 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), which approximates a 20% stratified...
Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Wien Klin Wochenschr Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewWe reviewed the recent medical literature to show global burden of gastroduodenal disease, potential strategies, and further perspectives.Recent findingsGastrointestinal and liver diseases are growing health problems, and cause more than 8 million deaths per year worldwide; encompass a range of long-term health conditions, such as digestive cancers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, Helicobacter pylori infection, peptic ulcer disease, liver diseases, inflammatory bowel disease, coeliac disease, and functional gastrointestinal disorders. Scientific knowledge demonstrates that the noncommunicable dise...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Gluten? Lactose? Stomach pain? Digestive troubles? Way too many people suffer from gastrointestinal issues, and much less are aware of the digital technologies that can come to their aid. Did you know that digestibles could successfully replace the dreaded colonoscopy? Or have you heard about microbiome testing? What about the swarm of health apps supporting dietary restrictions? We took a deep breath and jumped into the universe of digital technologies just to bring you as much information about the future of gastroenterology as possible. Will you jump after us? IBS, colorectal cancer, and other animals Referring to...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Genomics Health Sensors & Trackers diet dieting digestibles digestion digital health gastro gastroenterologist gastroenterology gastrointestinal gluten gut Innovation lactose microbiome stomach techno Source Type: blogs
AbstractDefective spleen function increases susceptibility to bacterial infections which can be prevented by vaccine prophylaxis. Splenic hypofunction can be found in a number of autoimmune disorders; however, no data are available regarding autoimmune atrophic gastritis (AAG), autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) and autoimmune liver disease (AILD). Peripheral blood samples from patients with AAG (n = 40), AIE (n = 3) and AILD (n = 40) were collected. Patients affected by autoimmune disorders already known to be associated with splenic hypofunction, i.e. coeliac disease (CD) and ulcerativ...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, the gut microbiota of 30 LC patients and 30 healthy controls were examined via next-generation sequencing of 16S rRNA and analyzed for diversity and biomarkers. We found that there was no decrease in significant microbial diversity (alpha diversity) in LC patients compared to controls (P observed = 0.1422), while the composition (beta diversity) differed significantly between patients and controls (phylum [stress = 0.153], class [stress = 0.16], order [stress = 0.146], family [stress = 0.153]). Controls had a higher abundance of the bacterial phylum Actinobacteria and genus Bifidobacterium, while patients wi...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Based on the coexistence of these diseases, the patient was diagnosed with APS type III. Moreover, ASCA seropositivity was detected although she has no overt intestinal disease. PMID: 30117403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur review of quality improvement literature in gastroenterology revealed common themes of successful programs: Education was frequently used but often insufficient, the EMR may be underutilized in guiding decision making, and patient-reported outcomes were infrequently assessed. Further research may be needed to compare QI strategies directly.
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
In conclusion, IHC expression of anti-TG2 stain correlates with both acute and chronic tissue injuries, irrespective of etiology and organ involvement. It is not a reliable marker for diagnosis of CeD.
Source: Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology - Category: Chemistry Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Oral Communications Source Type: research
AbstractPsoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disorder associated and often coexisting with many other immune-related clinical conditions including those affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Data obtained from the reviewed literature suggest an association between psoriasis and pathologies of the oral cavity, both psoriasis-specific lesions, as well as non-specific, such as geographic tongue or fissured tongue. These findings show the importance of thorough examination of oral mucosa in psoriatic patients. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are also linked with psoriasis. Crohn ’s disease and ulcerative...
Source: Archives of Dermatological Research - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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