Anti-obesity drug therapy in clinical practice: Evidence of a poor prescriptive attitude
Publication date: August 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 128Author(s): Francesco Squadrito, Michelangelo Rottura, Natasha Irrera, Letteria Minutoli, Alessandra Bitto, Maria Antonietta Barbieri, Giuseppe Cicala, Anna Mecchio, Giovanni Pallio, Sebastiano Marino, Giacomo Picciolo, Domenica Altavilla, Vincenzo Arcoraci
Authors: GÖkÇe İ, Can S, Demirkan E, Küçükler FK, Turgal E Abstract BACKGROUND: Due to the lack of precise research data related to the evaluation of the Physical activity level (PAL) among obese individuals, the aims of the study were to evaluate declared and real volume of physical activity, and to assess the correlations between these methods. METHODS: The study consisted of 30 female (Mage=32.9±7.3 years) and 16 male (Mage=36.4±8.4 years) a total of 46 obese volunteer individuals were included (M:bmi: 37.6±6.6 kg/m2, Mbmi: 34.2±4.3 kg/m2; body fat pe...
ConclusionPsychological resources seem to be relevant in the context of obesity surgery. Good psychological resources show plausible associations with less depression and a more adequate eating behavior. The evaluation of psychological resources in obesity surgery candidates allows the identification of patients at risk. Competences of patients should be addressed in the context of surgery. Our findings build a foundation for a more individualized supportive treatment for obesity surgery candidates. Improving impaired psychological resources may help in the coping process after surgery and is supposed to lead to an even higher weight loss.
AbstractObesity and metabolic syndrome are strongly associated with cancer, and these disorders may share a common mechanism. Recently, fructose has emerged as a driving force to develop obesity and metabolic syndrome. Thus, we assume that fructose may be the mechanism to explain why obesity and metabolic syndrome are linked with cancer. Clinical and experimental evidence showed that fructose intake was associated with cancer growth and that fructose transporters are upregulated in various malignant tumors. Interestingly, fructose metabolism can be driven under low oxygen conditions, accelerates glucose utilization, and ex...
Authors: Dutra JDM, Lisboa QC, Ferolla SM, Carvalho CMML, Mendes CCM, Ferrari TCA, Couto CA Abstract Some epidemiological evidence suggests an inverse correlation between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) frequency and vitamin D levels. Likewise, a beneficial effect of vitamin D on diabetes mellitus (DM) and insulin resistance has been observed, but this is an unsolved issue. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in a NAFLD Brazilian population and its association with disease severity and presence of comorbidities. In a cross-sectional study, the clinical, biochemical and histo...
Publication date: Available online 8 July 2020Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Amir I. Bassiony, Mohammed K. Nassar, Osama Shiha, Ahmed ElGeidie, Alaa Sabry
Publication date: Available online 8 July 2020Source: JACC: Heart FailureAuthor(s): Ryan J. Tedford, Brian A. Houston
Condition: Obesity Adult Onset Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Grape Seed Extract Sponsor: California Baptist University Completed
Condition: Obesity Intervention: Other: Educational talk about physical activity and nutritional recommendations before a critical period of fat gain in university students Sponsor: Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso Completed
Condition: Obesity Intervention: Other: Adapted physical activity Sponsor: Hong Kong Baptist University Completed
Publication date: Available online 9 July 2020Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Feng-Chih Shen, Ben-Chung Cheng, Jung-Fu Chen