Investigation of CTNNB1 gene mutations and expression in hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis in association with hepatitis B virus infection

Hepatitis B virus (HBV), along with Hepatitis C virus chronic infection, represents a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. However, molecular mechanisms involved in the development...
Source: Infectious Agents and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

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Authors: Piñero F, Tanno M, Soteras GA, Baña MT, Dirchwolf M, Fassio E, Ruf A, Mengarelli S, Borzi S, Fernández N, Ridruejo E, Descalzi V, Anders M, Mazzolini G, Reggiardo V, Marciano S, Perazzo F, Spina JC, McCormack L, Maraschio M, Lagues C, Gadano A, Villamil F, Silva M, Cairo F, Ameigeiras B, Argentinean Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (A.A.E.E.H) Abstract The A.A.E.E.H has developed this guideline for the best care of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from Argentina. It was done from May 2018 to March 2020. Specific clinical research questions were systematically sea...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Mohamed AA, Omran D, El-Feky S, Darwish H, Kassas A, Farouk A, Ezzat O, Abdo SM, Zahran FE, El-Demery A, Omran MM Abstract BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B and C viruses are leading causes of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of HCC linked to hepatitis B. We hypothesised a role of leukocyte TLR7 mRNA in hepatitis C related liver cirrhosis and HCC, using alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and liver function tests as comparators. METHODS: We recruited 102 patients with HCV-related HCC, 97 with HCV related liver cirrhosis and 60 healthy con...
Source: British Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Br J Biomed Sci Source Type: research
co Giannini Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most frequent primary liver cancer, is the sixth most common cancer, the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and accounts globally for about 800,000 deaths/year. Early detection of HCC is of pivotal importance as it is associated with improved survival and the ability to apply curative treatments. Chronic liver diseases, and in particular cirrhosis, are the main risk factors for HCC, but the etiology of liver disease is rapidly changing due to improvements in the prevention and treatment of HBV (Hepatitis B virus) and HCV (Hepatitis C virus) infect...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Authors: Schauer C, Mules T, Rijnsoever MV, Gane E Abstract BACKGROUND: Regular surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection and hepatitis C (HCV) cirrhosis improves survival by earlier detection of the cancer at an earlier stage when curative intervention may still be possible. We compared patient characteristics, surveillance history and outcomes in patients presenting with advanced HCC secondary to HBV and HCV. METHOD: In this retrospective study, clinical databases and notes were reviewed in all cases of advanced HCC related to HBV or HCV referre...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
ia Feng Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common and fatal cancer. People with HCC report higher odds of comorbidity compared with people without HCC. To explore the association between HCC and medical comorbidity, we used routinely collected clinical data and applied a network perspective. In the network perspective, we used correlation analysis and community detection tests that described direct relationships among comorbidities. We collected 14,891 patients with HCC living in Jilin Province, China, between 2016 and 2018. Cirrhosis was the most common comorbidity of HCC. Hypertension and renal cysts were more commo...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Yavuz BG, Pestana RC, Abugabal YI, Krishnan S, Chen J, Hassan MM, Wolff RA, Rashid A, Amin HM, Kaseb AO Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer and is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Fibrosis and cirrhosis are important risk factors for the development of HCC. Hepatic myofibroblasts are the cells responsible for extracellular matrix deposition, which is the hallmark of liver fibrosis. It is believed that myofibroblasts are predominantly derived from hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), also known as Ito cells. Nevertheless, depending on the natu...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
ConclusionA substantial further reduction in cases of HCC requires a wider application of universal HBV vaccination and effective treatment of HBV- and HCV-related chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, more effective campaigns to favor correct dietary habits and reduce alcohol consumption and the intensification of studies on HCC pathogenesis for future optimized prevention strategies.
Source: Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
k A Abstract BACKGROUND: There is ongoing search for new noninvasive biomarkers to improve management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Studies, mostly from the Asian-Pacific region, demonstrated differential expression of liver-specific microRNA-122 (miR-122) in tissue as well as in sera of patients with hepatitis B virus- and hepatitis C virus-induced HCC. AIM: To evaluate prognostic value of miR-122 in patients with HCC in a European population and determine potential factors related to alteration of miR-122 in sera. METHODS: Patients with confirmed HCC (n = 91) were included in the stu...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe additive risk of T2DM for HCC development was highest in patients with NASH. HCC risk may vary depending on the underlying etiology.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusions: While there is a certain overlap between the results of the current study and published transcriptomic profiles of non-transplanted livers with steatosis, we have identified discrete characteristics of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in liver grafts potentially utilizable for the establishment of predictive signature. Introduction Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in industrialized countries, its prevalence being estimated at 19–31.3% (1). It encompasses a range of conditions that are thought to arise from fatty liver (simple steatosis) throu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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