von Willebrand Factor and Factor VIII Clearance in Perioperative Hemophilia A Patients.
von Willebrand Factor and Factor VIII Clearance in Perioperative Hemophilia A Patients. Thromb Haemost. 2020 Jun 01;: Authors: van Moort I, Bukkems LH, Heijdra JM, Schutgens REG, Laros-van Gorkom BAP, Nieuwenhuizen L, van der Meer FJM, Fijnvandraat K, Ypma P, de Maat MPM, Leebeek FWG, Meijer K, Eikenboom J, Mathôt RAA, Cnossen MH, OPTI-CLOT Study Group Abstract BACKGROUND: von Willebrand factor (VWF) is crucial for optimal dosing of factor VIII (FVIII) concentrate in hemophilia A patients as it protects FVIII from premature clearance. To date, it is unknown how VWF behaves and what its impact is on FVIII clearance in the perioperative setting. AIM: To investigate VWF kinetics (VWF antigen [VWF:Ag]), VWF glycoprotein Ib binding (VWF:GPIbM), and VWF propeptide (VWFpp) in severe and moderate perioperative hemophilia A patients included in the randomized controlled perioperative OPTI-CLOT trial. METHODS: Linear mixed effects modeling was applied to analyze VWF kinetics. One-way and two-way analyses of variance were used to investigate perioperative VWFpp/VWF:Ag ratios and associations with surgical bleeding. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients with median age of 48.8 years (interquartile range: 34.8-60.0) were included. VWF:Ag and VWF:GPIbM increased significantly postoperatively. Blood type non-O or medium risk surgery were associated with higher VWF:Ag and VWF:GPIbM levels compared with blood type O and low risk surger...
The deficiency or abnormal activity of von Willebrand factor, a multi-adhesive protein which binds platelets to exposed subendothelium and carries factor VIII in circulation, is responsible for von Willebrand disease, the most frequent inherited bleeding disorder. Clinical symptoms are characterized by mucous membrane and soft tissue bleeding, bleeding after surgery and rarely joint and gastrointestinal bleeding. Intriguingly, also factor VIII, the protein deficient in hemophilia A, may be variably reduced because VWF stabilizes it into circulation.
This study also emphasized the need for inclusion of the VWF:FVIIIB in suspected hemophilia A to achieve an optimal treatment strategy.
This article gives an overview of the bleeding risks involved and therapeutic options to overcome them. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
We describe the results of the (to our knowledge) longest long-term noninterventional study so far performed to obtain real-life data on the treatment of hemophilia A patients with a single plasma-derived FVIII concentrate containing von Willebrand factor (pdFVIII; Haemoctin/Faktor VIII SDH Intersero). A total of 198 patients (146 in Germany and 52 in Hungary), of whom 160 had severe and 38 nonsevere hemophilia A, representing all age groups (0-88 years; mean ∼25 years at inclusion) were analyzed during prophylactic or on-demand treatment over 18 years (overall 1,418 patient-years; mean>7 years). pdFVIII was very ef...
We present a case of a 68-year-old Hispanic female with a history of factor VII deficiency who presented with shortness of breath, chest pain, and palpitations and was found to have pulmonary embolism. Our patient did not have any of the above-mentioned thrombotic risk factors. Our case and review of the literature show that factor VII deficiency does not provide protection against thrombosis. PMID: 31590173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: This population PK model derived from real world data adequately describes FVIII levels following perioperative administration of the FVIII/VWF plasma-derived concentrate (Haemate® P/Humate P®) and will help to facilitate future dosing in VWD patients. PMID: 31557387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide HLAcII peptidomic level explanations for several important clinical observations/issues including the differential immunogenicity of distinct FVIIIs and the role of HLAcII genetics in inhibitor development. PMID: 31556206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This article discusses the pros and cons of molecular testing in VWD considering the experience obtained through the multicenter project “Molecular and Clinical Profile of VWD in Spain (PCM-EVW-ES).” [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
CONCLUSION: Although an extensive panel of tests was used, VWD classification and (sub)typing remains difficult and fluid. This study provides a cross-sectional overview of the VWD population in the Czech Republic and provides important data to the ISTH/European Association for Haemophilia and Allied Disorders VWD mutation database in linking causal mutations with unique VWD (sub)types. It also identifies new, as not previously described in the literature, causal mutations. PMID: 30722078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The deficiency of fibrinogen, prothrombin, factor V (FV), FVII, FVIII, FIX, FX, FXI, and FXIII, called rare coagulation disorders (RCDs), may result in coagulopathies leading to spontaneous or posttrauma and postsurgery hemorrhages. RCDs are characterized by a wide variety of symptoms, from mild to severe, which can vary significantly from 1 disease to another and from 1 patient to another. The most typical symptoms of all RCDs are mucosal bleedings and bleeding at the time of invasive procedures, whereas other life-threatening symptoms such as central nervous system bleeding and hemarthroses are mostly present only in som...