Structural heart intervention for prevention of embolic and hemorrhagic stroke: The new field of neurocardiology.

Structural heart intervention for prevention of embolic and hemorrhagic stroke: The new field of neurocardiology. J Cardiol. 2020 May 29;: Authors: Morino Y, Nakajima Y Abstract Cardiogenic stroke (CS), characteristic causes of which include atrial fibrillation (AF) and right-to-left shunting due to a patent foramen ovale (PFO), has a well-known tendency to be associated with a more extensive ischemic area. This may result in severe neurological damage, and require strict life-long antithrombotic therapy. However, the fact that some patients have problems complying with the requirement for extended oral antithrombotic treatment has motivated the development of alternative approaches for stroke prevention. Heart structures such as the left atrial appendage (LAA) and PFO are potential targets for stroke prevention by way of device implantation. Several large prospective randomized clinical trials have demonstrated efficacy and safety of devices dedicated to this purpose. Percutaneous LAA occlusion for patients with non-valvular AF resulted in similar embolic event rates but significantly reduced bleeding events than did therapy with warfarin. Furthermore, PFO closure significantly reduced the frequency of recurrent embolic stroke relative to oral antithrombotic treatment. Current unsolved problems remaining in the application of these two strategies can be identified as the lack of standardized regimens for post-procedural antithrombotic therapy, ambiguity...
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research

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Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Zhao N, Xiang Q, Liu Z, Zhao X, Cui Y Abstract INTRODUCTION: There remains an unmet need for better anticoagulants. The phase I clinical trial is of great significance in the development of anticoagulants, and the design is special. This system review aims to provide insights for the design of future phase I clinical trials of anticoagulants. AREAS COVERED: We searched the database PubMed and ClinicalTrail.gov website, to collate the phase I clinical trial of anticoagulants in healthy people. The study protocol, inclusion exclusion criteria, safety and pharmacodynamic indexes were reviewed. EXPERT ...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
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Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
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Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
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