TCGA Classification of Endometrial Cancer: the Place of Carcinosarcoma.

TCGA Classification of Endometrial Cancer: the Place of Carcinosarcoma. Pathol Oncol Res. 2020 May 29;: Authors: Travaglino A, Raffone A, Gencarelli A, Mollo A, Guida M, Insabato L, Santoro A, Zannoni GF, Zullo F Abstract In 2013, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network found four novel prognostic subgroups of endometrial carcinoma: POLE/ultramutated (POLE), microsatellite-instable/hypermutated (MSI), copy-number-low/TP53-wild-type (CNL), and copy-number-highTP53-mutant (CNH). However, poor is known regarding uncommon histotypes of endometrial cancer. We aimed to assess the genetic profile of uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) on the light of these findings. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed through electronic databases searching (up to July 2019). All studies assessing UCS series for the TCGA classification were included. For each TCGA subgroup, pooled prevalence on the total UCS number was calculated. Four studies with 231 patients were included. Pooled prevalence of the TCGA subgroups were: 5.3% for the POLE subgroup, 7.3% for the MSI subgroup, 73.9% for the CNH subgroup, 13.5% for the CNL subgroup. The CNH subgroup predominates in UCS, while subgroups with high mutational load (POLE and MSI) are less common. UCS appears as a preferential evolution of CNH carcinomas. PMID: 32472441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research

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Authors: Filippova O, Leitao MM Abstract INTRODUCTION: Uterine cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy, although fortunately, 75% of women present with early-stage disease. A major area of controversy regarding the management of the disease concerns postoperative therapy for both women with early- and advanced-stage endometrial carcinoma. Here, we review landmark evidence that can help guide clinical decision-making in the treatment of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer. AREAS COVERED: In this review, we present the latest data driving decisions for both surgical management and postoperative thera...
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
Pan‑cancer analysis of transmembrane protease serine 2 and cathepsin L that mediate cellular SARS‑CoV‑2 infection leading to COVID-19. Int J Oncol. 2020 May 26;: Authors: Katopodis P, Anikin V, Randeva HS, Spandidos DA, Chatha K, Kyrou I, Karteris E Abstract Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus‑2 (SARS‑CoV2) is the cause of a new disease (COVID‑19) which has evolved into a pandemic during the first half of 2020. Older age, male sex and certain underlying diseases, including cancer, appear to significantly increase the risk for severe COVID‑19. SARS‑CoV‑2 infection of ...
Source: International Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Int J Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract Gynaecologic and breast cancers share some similarities at the molecular level. The aims of our study are to highlight the similarities and differences about IDO1, an important immune-related gene in female cancers. The NGS data from TCGA of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CESC), ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma (OV), uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCEC), uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) and breast invasive carcinoma (BRCA) were analysed to identify molecular features, and clinically significant and potential therapeutic targets of IDO1. We found IDO1 was significantly up-regulated in four gynaecolo...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
AbstractThe role of adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) is controversial in endometrial carcinoma (EC). Surgery alone is usually curative for women who are at a low risk of disease recurrence. The treatment of EC following surgical staging is based on the risk of relapse, which is defined by the cancer stage at diagnosis, histology of the tumor and other prognostic factors such as grade differentiation, the presence of substantial lymphovascular invasion (LVSI), or depth of myometrial invasion (MI). External beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and/or vaginal brachytherapy (VBT) improved local control and are used as adjuvant treatment for ear...
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to describe the role of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) as a biomarker and potential target in gynecologic malignancies and to describe contemporary updates in the use of anti-HER2 treatments for these cancers. Recent findings Approximately 25–30% of all patients with uterine serous carcinoma overexpress tumoral HER2. The anti-HER2 antibody trastuzumab represents an effective, targeted therapy with significant efficacy in the treatment of HER2-positive breast and gastric cancer. Recently, trastuzumab efficacy has also been demonstrated in a rand...
Source: Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: GYNECOLOGIC CANCER: Edited by Gottfried E. Konecny Source Type: research
ConclusionHerein, we describe distinct DNA methylation signatures in uterine neoplasms and show that array-based DNA methylation analysis holds promise as an ancillary tool to further characterize uterine neoplasms, especially in cases which are diagnostically challenging by conventional techniques.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Herein, we describe distinct DNA methylation signatures in uterine neoplasms and show that array-based DNA methylation analysis holds promise as an ancillary tool to further characterize uterine neoplasms, especially in cases which are diagnostically challenging by conventional techniques. PMID: 31768620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Methods of Information in Medicine - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research
. Hawkins Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in the United States and the sixth most common cancer in women worldwide. Fortunately, most women who develop endometrial cancer have low-grade early-stage endometrioid carcinomas, and simple hysterectomy is curative. Unfortunately, 15% of women with endometrial cancer will develop high-risk histologic tumors including uterine carcinosarcoma or high-grade endometrioid, clear cell, or serous carcinomas. These high-risk histologic tumors account for more than 50% of deaths from this disease. In this review, we will highlight the biologic differences b...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractHigh-grade endometrial carcinomas are a heterogeneous group of clinically aggressive tumours. They include FIGO grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinoma, uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC), clear cell carcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma and carcinosarcomas or malignant mixed Mullerian tumour (MMMT). The aim of this study is to look at clinicopathological features and survival outcomes of high-grade endometrial cancers of the uterus in our centre. A tertiary care centre in India. The study design is retrospective with survival analysis. We did a retrospective analysis of all patients admitted with a diagnosis of...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Clara Degos1, Mellie Heinemann2, Julien Barrou2, Nicolas Boucherit1, Eric Lambaudie2, Ariel Savina3†, Laurent Gorvel1* and Daniel Olive1* 1Tumor Immunology Team, IBISA Immunomonitoring Platform, Cancer Research Center of Marseillle, INSERM U1068, CNRS U7258, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France 2Department of Surgical Oncology 2, CNRS, INSERM, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, CRCM, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France 3Institut Roche, Boulogne Billancourt, France Endometrial Cancer is the most common cancer in the female genital tract in developed countries, and with its ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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