Incidence of diabetes according to metabolically healthy or unhealthy normal weight or overweight/obesity in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative

Objective: To determine the relationship of metabolic weight categories with incident diabetes mellitus (DM) in postmenopausal women. Methods: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) enrolled 161,808 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years. We included those with cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers and free of CVD and prevalent DM (n = 17,043) at baseline. Normal weight was defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥18.5 and
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

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Abstract Endometrial polyps are a common finding, with a prevalence of about 40%, and are usually diagnosed incidentally as most are asymptomatic. Symptomatic polyps usually present with abnormal uterine bleeding and/or sub-fertility. About 25% of polyps resolve spontaneously if managed conservatively. The usual management of endometrial polyps, symptomatic or asymptomatic, is polypectomy, performed primarily to exclude malignancy within the polyp despite the overall risk of malignancy being low (about 3%). The main risk factors for malignancy are menopause and abnormal uterine bleeding, with hypertension, obesity...
Source: Climacteric - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Climacteric Source Type: research
Conclusion: Women with lower ovarian reserve do not experience different over time trends of adiposity and glucose metabolism parameters during their reproductive life span.
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Authors: BaHammam AS, Almeneessier AS Abstract Previous studies have assessed the role of gender and menopause in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). It is well known that menopause is a major risk factor for OSA. However, analogous studies on obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) are limited. Recent studies have suggested that OHS is more prevalent in postmenopausal women. Moreover, women with OHS seem to have excess comorbidities, including hypothyroidism, hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, compared to men. In the present perspective, we discuss recent data on the prevalence and comorbiditie...
Source: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Open Respir Med J Source Type: research
AbstractDuring menopausal transition, various phenotypical and metabolic changes occur, affecting body weight, adipose tissue distribution and energy expenditure as well as insulin secretion and sensitivity. Taken together, these can predispose women to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Many women in midlife experience climacteric symptoms, including hot flashes and night sweats. Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is then indicated. MHT has a favourable effect on glucose homeostasis in both women without and with T2DM. T2DM was considered in the past as a cardiovascular disease (CVD) equivalen...
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractDuring menopausal transition, various phenotypical and metabolic changes occur, affecting body weight, adipose tissue distribution and energy expenditure as well as insulin secretion and sensitivity. Taken together, these can predispose women to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Many women in midlife experience climacteric symptoms, including hot flashes and night sweats. Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is then indicated. MHT has a favourable effect on glucose homeostasis in both women without and with T2DM. T2DM was considered in the past as a cardiovascular disease (CVD) equivalent, which would...
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion.Results of this study suggest that inhibition of estrogen synthesis in postmenopausal women undergoing treatment with aromatase inhibitors could increase the risk of NAFLD, which might have some influence on the prognosis of patients with breast cancer.Implications for Practice.Unlike tamoxifen, the role of aromatase inhibitor treatment use in postmenopausal patients with breast cancer in development of fatty liver is not well known. In this propensity‐matched cohort study, postmenopausal patients with breast cancer treated with aromatase inhibitors had increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease compar...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort of post-menopausal US women, daily NO2 and NOx were associated with higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke, but ambient levels of four other air pollutants were not associated with higher risk of total stroke, ischemic stroke, or ischemic stroke subtypes. PMID: 31382185 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research
N, Nordestgaard Abstract Postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia, defined as an increase in plasma triglyceride-containing lipoproteins following a fat meal, is a potential risk predictor of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. Several non-modifiable factors (genetics, age, sex and menopausal status) and lifestyle factors (diet, physical activity, smoking status, obesity, alcohol and medication use) may influence postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia. This narrative review considers the studies published over the last decade that evaluated postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia. Additionally, th...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Hassan Braxas, Maryam Rafraf, Saadat Karimi Hasanabad, Mohammad Asghari JafarabadiAbstractObjectivesThe risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) increases in women after menopause. Genistein is known to modulate metabolic pathways. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of genistein supplementation on metabolic parameters, oxidative stress and obesity values in postmenopausal women with T2DM.MethodsThis randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted on 54 postmenopausal women aged 47-69 years ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Filomena Corbo1†, Giacomina Brunetti2*†, Pasquale Crupi3, Sara Bortolotti4, Giuseppina Storlino4, Laura Piacente5, Alessia Carocci1, Alessia Catalano1, Gualtiero Milani1, Graziana Colaianni4, Silvia Colucci2, Maria Grano4, Carlo Franchini1, Maria Lisa Clodoveo6, Gabriele D'Amato7 and Maria Felicia Faienza5 1Department of Pharmacy-Drug science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy 2Section of Human Anatomy and Histology, Department of Basic and Medical Sciences, Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy 3CREA-VE, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics&ndas...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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