Temporal and textual analysis of social media on collective discourses during the Zika virus pandemic

While existing studies have investigated the role of social media on health-related communication, little is known about the potential differences between different users groups on different social media platf...
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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by Kris V. Parag, Christl A. Donnelly The effective reproduction number,Rt, is a key time-varying prognostic for the growth rate of any infectious disease epidemic. Significant changes inRt can forewarn about new transmissions within a population or predict the efficacy of interventions. InferringRt reliably and in real-time from observed time-series of infected (demographic) data is an important problem in population dynamics. The renewal or branching process model is a popular solution that has been applied to Ebola and Zika virus disease outbreaks, among others, and is currently being used to investigate the ongoing CO...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
After the outbreak in French Polynesia, Zika virus (ZIKV) explosive pandemic occurred in 2015, reports that ZIKV was linked to other diseases, especially neurological complications such as Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), also burst in almost every continent, thereby turning into an international concern. In South America, the highest incidence occurred in Venezuela with approximately 680 cases of GBS after ZIKV infection. Currently, the main roots of this association remain unknown. In this regard, it is thought that the immune system plays a central role in such association through the host protection or even improv...
Source: Current Immunology Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract SUMMARYIn recent decades, several new diseases have emerged in different geographical areas, with pathogens including Ebola virus, Zika virus, Nipah virus, and coronaviruses (CoVs). Recently, a new type of viral infection emerged in Wuhan City, China, and initial genomic sequencing data of this virus do not match with previously sequenced CoVs, suggesting a novel CoV strain (2019-nCoV), which has now been termed severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Although coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is suspected to originate from an animal host (zoonotic origin) followed by human-to-human transm...
Source: Clinical Microbiology Reviews - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Clin Microbiol Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe WHO Framework encapsulated important infrastructure and process factors relevant to the Florida Zika response as well as future epidemics. In this context, similarities, differences, and implications for the Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic response are discussed.
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Dengue and Zika viruses are both positive-sense, single stranded RNA viruses belonging to the Flaviviridae family. They have similar genetic sequences, transmission cycle, ecological niches and overlapping clinical manifestations (Gould and Salomon, 2008). Dengue virus, the causative agent of dengue, was re-introduced to the Americas a few decades ago, established endemically, and currently circulates in annual peaks (Brathwaite et al., 2012). Zika virus, the causative agent of Zika, was recently introduced to the Americas causing an outbreak of pandemic proportions (Nugent et al., 2017); and attracted special attention du...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
The current pandemic from coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a sobering reminder that our society is always under a threat of new infectious agents and diseases.1 One of the more recent epidemics that had particular relevance to pediatrics was the 2015-2016 epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV), centered in the Americas. ZIKV, a mosquito-borne flavivirus, had been known since 1947,2 but attracted relatively little attention because the virus was thought to cause only mild febrile illness (Zika fever) in humans.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Drug Res (Stuttg) DOI: 10.1055/a-1185-8913The world is faced with the dire challenge of finding an effective treatment against the rampaging COVID 19 pandemic. Amidst the crisis, reports of in vitro inhibitory activity of ivermectin, an approved anthelmintic, against the causative SARSCoV2 virus, have generated lot of optimism. In this article, we have fished and compiled the needed information on the drug, that will help readers and prospective investigators in having a quick overview. Though the primordial biological action of the drug is allosteric modulation of helminthic ion c...
Source: Drug Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Opinion Paper Source Type: research
Dr. Stephen Thomas, who helped develop vaccine candidates for diseases such as Ebola, Zika and MERS, discusses the challenges involved in accelerating development during a pandemic.
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Tags: Healthcare /healthcare Innovation /innovation Science /science Business /business Policy /policy Editors' Pick editors-pick Decision Maker decision-maker Coronavirus Source Type: news
Annapolis, MD; June 11, 2020 —Diseases spread by insects and other public health threats are not confined by national borders. The Entomological Society of America (ESA) is deeply concerned by the Trump administration’s decision to end the relationship between the U.S. and the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO has been o n the front lines of every major infectious disease outbreak since its foundation, from Ebola and Zika to the current COVID-19 pandemic. It also plays a critical role in helping manage and protect against diseases spread by insects and their relatives.
Source: ESA News - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Mental disorders (MD) are commonly comorbid with cardiovascular, metabolic, and some infectious diseases. Since the current SARS-CoV-2 epidemic is affecting the most multimorbid individuals, we might expect that the epidemic will be particularly problematic for people with MD. Understanding the burden of an outbreak on mental health is fundamental to effective action towards containing the spread of the disease, as psychopathology might reduce endurance during the lockdown. This can potentially reduce adhesion to ongoing treatment resulting in avoidable recurrence of a disorder. Additionally, there is the stress c...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
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