MRI aids discovery of new pregnancy contraction
Researchers using MRI to study blood flow through the placenta discovered a...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Can ultrasound, 3D printing deepen maternal-fetal bonds? Third-trimester ultrasound finds undetected fetal abnormalities Gadolinium MRI scans most common early in pregnancy More pregnant women are undergoing imaging In utero MRI on par with ultrasound for fetal brain evaluation
CONCLUSIONS: The COMBIND intervention was easily integrated into India's existing PMTCT programme and improved early uptake of two PMTCT components that require self-motivated health-seeking behaviour, thus providing preliminary evidence to support COMBIND as a potentially scalable PMTCT strategy. Further study would identify modifications needed to optimize other PMTCT outcomes. PMID: 32618115 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Data integration was feasible and identified gaps in programme implementation/documentation leading to corrective interventions. Incident infections among mothers are the largest contributors to MTCT: there is need to strengthen the prevention cascade among HIV-negative women. PMID: 32602644 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: We successfully identified recently acquired infections among persons testing HIV-positive in routine testing settings and highlight the importance of incorporating additional information to accurately classify recent infection. We identified a number of groups with a significantly higher proportion of recent infection, suggesting recent infection surveillance, when rolled-out nationally, may help in further targeting primary prevention efforts. PMID: 32602625 [PubMed - in process]
This study examined maternal-fetal outcomes in pregnant HIV-positive women who use opioids.Southern Medical Journal
This study quantifies differentials in HIV care, treatment and mortality outcomes for men and women over time in South Africa. METHODS: We analysed population-wide linked anonymized data, including vital registration linkage, for the Western Cape Province, from the time of first CD4 count. Three antiretroviral therapy guideline eligibility periods were defined: 1 January 2008 to 31 July 2011 (CD4 cell count
Conclusion: Efavirenz and didanosine exposure during pregnancy were associated with higher risk of neurologic abnormalities in CHEU, and dolutegravir exposure showed some suggestive associations, which warrant further monitoring.
Objective(s): We sought to determine whether universal ‘test and treat’ (UTT) can achieve gains in viral suppression beyond universal antiretroviral treatment (ART) eligibility during pregnancy and postpartum, among women living with HIV. Design: A community cluster randomized trial. Methods: The SEARCH UTT trial compared an intervention of annual population testing and universal ART with a control of baseline population testing with ART by country standard, including ART eligibility for all pregnant/postpartum women, in 32 communities in Kenya and Uganda. When testing, women were asked about current pr...
Conditions: Sexually Transmitted Infection; HIV/AIDS; Cost-effectiveness; Birth Outcomes; Vaginal Microbiome; Neisseria Gonorrhoeae; Chlamydia Trachomatis; Trichomonas Vaginalis; Antenatal Care; Pregnancy Interventions: Diagnostic Test: First antenatal care + test-of-cure; Diagnostic Test: First antenatal care + week 30-34 gestation (no test-of-cure) Sponsors: Foundation for Professional Development (Pty) Ltd; University of California, Los Ang...
Authors: Makuei G, Abdollahian M, Marion K Abstract Maternal mortality rate (MMR) is one of the main worldwide public health challenges. Presently, the high levels of MMR are a common problem in the world public health and especially, in developing countries. Half of these maternal deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa where little or nothing progress has been made. South Sudan is one of the developing countries which has the highest MMR. Thus, this paper deploys statistical analysis to identify the significant physiological causes of MMR in South Sudan. Prediction models based on Poisson Regression are then developed...