Acute ischemic stroke management in Lebanon: obstacles and solutions.

This study assesses the current practices of physicians in Lebanon routinely involved in ischemic stroke (IS) management. We conducted a prospective observational study of patients hospitalized at 8 different Lebanese hospitals in the period August 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016, with a diagnosis of acute stroke. Baseline characteristics and data on diagnostic studies, as well as treatments received during hospitalization and at discharge, were collected and analyzed. Two hundred and three strokes/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) were recorded but only 173 patients (85%) with ischemic events were included in the study. The patients' mean age was 69.8±12.7 years. All underwent brain imaging (CT scan and/or MRI) on admission. All ISs were managed by a neurologist, and patient management included consultation of a cardiologist. Hypertension was the most prevalent risk factor (78.6%), followed by a current cigarette smoking habit (50.3%), diabetes mellitus (42.8%), hypercholesterolemia (39.9%), previous stroke or TIA (17.3%), and atrial fibrillation (14.7%). Only four patients (accounting for 2.5% of the ISs) received thrombolytic therapy. More than 89% of the patients were discharged on at least one anti-hypertensive drug, 89.2% on statins and 37.6% on antidiabetic medications. More than 55% of patients were dependent at discharge, as shown by a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-2, whereas 33% were independent (mRS score of 3-5). There are many challenges facing stroke ca...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research

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AbstractIntracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a non-traumatic cerebrovascular disorder with very high morbidity and mortality and regarded as one of the deadliest stroke subtypes. Notably, there is no effective treatment for ICH. Despite an overall increase in preclinical studies, the pathophysiology of ICH is complex and remains enigmatic. To this end, ICH was induced in male CD-1 mice  and the ipsilateral brain tissue was characterized in an unbiased manner using a combination of proteomics and bioinformatics approaches. A total of 4833 proteins were revealed by quantitative proteomic analysis. Of those, 207 proteins ex...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Brignardello-Petersen R PMID: 32650944 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the American Dental Association - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Am Dent Assoc Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our modified U-Net with attention unit achieves significantly higher results in terms of Dice score and classification accuracy. The computed BMD and T-score values of the proposed method are also compared with the respective clinical reports for validation. Hence, using the digitized X-Ray images can be used to detect osteoporosis efficiently and accurately. PMID: 32651352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: An AI tool for automatic detection of ATB in chest CT is successfully developed in this study. The AI tool can accurately detect ATB patients, and distinguish between ATB and non- ATB cases, which simplifies the diagnosis process and lays a solid foundation for the next step of AI in CT diagnosis of ATB in clinical application. PMID: 32651351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
Authors: Skewes MC, Gonzalez VM, Gameon JA, FireMoon P, Salois E, Rasmus SM, Lewis JP, Gardner SA, Ricker A, Reum M Abstract American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities experience notable health disparities associated with substance use, including disproportionate rates of accidents/injuries, diabetes, liver disease, suicide, and substance use disorders. Effective treatments for substance use are needed to improve health equity for AI/AN communities. However, an unfortunate history of unethical and stigmatizing research has engendered distrust and reluctance to participate in research among many Native co...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research
Lactation boosts the quantity and quality of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, likely reducing a woman ’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Source: The Scientist - Category: Science Tags: The Literature Source Type: news
Breastfeeding reduces type 2 diabetes risk by boosting beta cells.
Source: The Scientist - Category: Science Tags: Infographics Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: D-ER at either a 7.5 mg or 10 mg dose did not significantly increase performance on the 2 MinWT in stroke survivors with gait impairment, although this study was terminated early before full enrollment. (Clinical Trial # NCT02271217). PMID: 32651338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience - Category: Neurology Tags: Restor Neurol Neurosci Source Type: research
Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Background and Purpose— Demographic trends in atrial fibrillation (AF) incidence may yield a substantial rise in the societal burden of AF-related stroke (AF-stroke). Accurate population-wide outcome data are essential to inform health service planning to improve AF-stroke prevention, and provision of rehabilitation, nursing home, and community supports for AF-stroke survivors. Methods— We investigated rates and determinants of 5-year fatality, stroke recurrence, functional outcomes, and prescribing of secondary prevention medications in AF-stroke in the North Dublin Population Stroke Study. Ascertainment incl...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
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