Polymorphism of TNFRSF1A gene may act as predictor of severe radiation-induced oral mucositis and prognosis factor in head and neck cancer patients
Publication date: Available online 26 May 2020Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral RadiologyAuthor(s): Radosław Mlak, Tomasz Powrózek, Anna Brzozowska, Iwona Homa-Mlak, Marcin Mazurek, Paweł Gołębiowski, Dorota Korzeb, Mansur Rahnama-Hezavah, Teresa Małecka-Massalska
AbstractBackgroundDocetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (TPF) induction chemotherapy (ICT) is a treatment option for locally advanced unresectable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LA-HNSCC). However, patients with advanced age, or renal, cardiac or neurogenic dysfunction are ineligible for ICT-TPF.MethodsWe retrospectively assessed 24 unresectable LA-HNSCC patients who received paclitaxel, carboplatin and cetuximab (PCE) as ICT at the Shizuoka Cancer Center between April 2013 and October 2018.ResultsPatient characteristics were as follows: median age, 72 years (range 60–81); 0, 1, and 2 performance sta...
Publication date: Available online 7 July 2020Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): Damian Broderick, Derek Lowe, Anastasios Kanatas, Simon N Rogers
This study aimed to clarify the risk factors of head and neck cancer (HNC) mortality, relative to those of all-cause and all-cancer mortalities, using the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS) data set. Data from 238 HNC deaths, 14,769 all-cancer deaths, and 38,086 all-cause deaths were extracted during a median follow-up period of 9.5 years. Baseline characteristics were assessed via chi-square tests, t tests, and multivariable logistic regression. HNC mortality was found to be positively associated with male sex, past and current smoking habits, moderate-to-heavy alcohol consumptio...
The aim of this paper is to report the clinical characteristic of those patients reporting “I have too much saliva” following treatment for head and neck cancer. As a new addition to the saliva question of the University of Washington quality of life questionnaire (UW-QoL), another aim is to make recommendations on how this new option should be scored and handled. Patients treated wit h curative intent were recruited between April 2017 and October 2019. Assessment was at the first baseline clinic a median (IQR) of 194 (125–249) days after diagnosis and 103 (71–162) days after the end of treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Our model predicts percent free flap volume loss in a significant fashion. Age and RF are individual predictors of free flap volume loss, the latter being a novel finding that is also modifiable through hyperfractionation radiotherapy schedules. PMID: 32633655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Modern Pathology, Published online: 06 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41379-020-0617-xEndogenous APOBEC3B overexpression characterizes HPV-positive and HPV-negative oral epithelial dysplasias and head and neck cancers
This was a prospective clinical study and the purpose was to assess the quality of life (QoL) as the primary endpoint for patients given prospective treatment for cancer of the oral cavity that required reconstruction using various reconstruction methods in Azerbaijan. All patients who were operated on during the year 2017 to 2018 were entered into the study. Quality of life was assessed six months postoperatively using the European Organization for Research and Cancer Treatment Core Cancer Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-C30) and the Head and Neck Specific Quality of Life (QLQ-H&NN43) questionnaires.
Cowden syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by hamartomas, as well as benign and malignant neoplasms that may present in organ systems throughout the body. It also poses an increased lifetime cancer risk in those with the disorder. Its clinical presentation is often variable, and diagnosis can be challenging. In the head and neck region, it can present as thyroid enlargement or mass formation, cutaneous and mucocutaneous lesions of the skin and the oral cavity. The most typical oral manifestations of Cowden syndrome are oral papillomatosis and a cobblestone appearance of the mucosa.
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): A.W. Midgley, A.R. Levy, R. Price, F.A. Cunha, S.N. Rogers
Conclusion: Chrysophanol has an anticancer effect on FaDu and SAS cell lines. There is an increase in subG1 accumulation, ROS production, and cell cycle G1 arrest after treatment with chrysophanol. On the other hand, chrysophanol inhibited cell migration/metastasis and EMT. We proposed that chrysophanol may be a good candidate compound on oral cancer treatment in the further. PMID: 32595733 [PubMed]