Accuracy of surrogate methods to estimate skeletal muscle mass in non-dialysis dependent patients with chronic kidney disease and in kidney transplant recipients

Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometric predictive equations have been proposed to estimate whole-body (SMM) and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) as surrogate for dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in distinct population groups. However, their accuracy in estimating body composition in non-dialysis dependent patients with chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD) and kidney transplant recipients (KTR) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy and reproducibility of BIA and anthropometric predictive equations in estimating SMM and ASM compared to DXA, in NDD-CKD patients and KTR.
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research

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AbstractDiabetic kidney disease (DKD) occurs in approximately 20 –40% of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with DKD have a higher risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers and antihyperglycemic drugs form the mainstay of DKD management and aim to restrict progression to more severe stages of DKD. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) control hyperglycemia by blocking renal glucose reabsorption in addition to preventing inflammation, thereby improving endothelial function and reducing oxidative stress; consequen...
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The costs of specialised care decreased with the length of hospital stay reduction. Cardiovascular risk factors were crucial in in-hospital mortality. This study provides population-based data to assist decision-makers at the national level and to contribute to worldwide evaluations and disease surveillance. PMID: 33000981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The observed high rate of AVF at the start of hemodialysis and of the switch from CVC to AVF in the first year, although declining since 2008, is a positive outcome. However, over one-third of patients maintain the CVC as vascular access for the first year because of unmodifiable factors, such as gender, age, comorbidity. The present study suggests that logistics/management and assistance/welfare problems may contribute to the delay or lack of AVF placement in incident hemodialysis patients or within the first year of dialysis. PMID: 32993439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND Declining numbers of deceased donors and prolonged waiting time emphasize the importance of living kidney donation. Furthermore, because of the changing age structures with increasingly older recipients, the question of acceptance of older donors is becoming more relevant. However, sufficient long-term outcome data, especially for older donors - including histopathological analysis - are lacking. The aim of this study was to analyze the Regensburg Living Donor Cohort with regard to age
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The benefits of CCBs over other antihypertensives on predialysis blood pressure levels and intradialytic hypotension among people with CKD who required haemodialysis were uncertain. Effects of CCBs on other side effects and cardiovascular death also remain uncertain. Dihydropyridine CCBs may decrease predialysis systolic and diastolic blood pressure level compared to placebo or no treatment. No studies were identified in children or peritoneal dialysis. Available studies have not been designed to measure the effects on costs. The shortcomings of the studies were that they recruited very few participants, had f...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Although both pancreas transplantation alone (PTA) and islet cell transplantation (ICT) have been associated with perioperative declines in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), the magnitude of decline is far less than that associated with medically managed (MM) diabetes. In the long-term, PTA and ICT have demonstrated stabilization of chronic kidney disease (CKD) for type 1 diabetic patients. In this setting, it remains unclear whether transplantation reduces the future need for kidney transplantation and mortality.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Transplantation and tissue engineering Source Type: research
Conclusions: Changes in BSAP and P1NP showed promise in short-term prediction of BMD. We suggest further trials expanding on the knowledge of these BTMs with assessment of fracture risk, sequential measurements of BTMs within the first 6 months, and the additional use of computed tomography to assess BMD.Kidney Blood Press Res
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions. The mortality risk associated with PH among patients with advanced chronic kidney disease appears to differ by etiology. Patients with PH in the absence of eLAP are at high risk of death and in need of focused attention. Future research efforts should investigate potential strategies to improve outcomes for these patients.
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—General Source Type: research
Conclusions. Kidney allograft outcomes are good in APRT deficiency patients beginning XOR inhibitor therapy pretransplant. Delay in such treatment is a major cause of premature graft loss in these patients. Increased awareness among clinicians is imperative, promoting early diagnosis of APRT deficiency and pharmacotherapy initiation before kidney transplantation.
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—General Source Type: research
Authors: Tariq A, Kim H, Abbas H, Lucas GM, Atta MG Abstract INTRODUCTION: Since the developmentof combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-associated mortality and the incidence of HIV-associated end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) has decreased. However, in the United States, an increase in non-HIV-associated kidney diseases within the HIV-positive population is expected. AREAS COVERED: In this review, the authors highlight the risk factors for kidney disease within an HIV-positive population and provide the current recommendations for risk stratification and for the monitoring of its progression to chronic ki...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
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