State- and county-level income inequality and infant mortality in the USA in 2010: a cohort study

ConclusionsLocal variations in access to care, the rate of sexually transmitted disease, and crime are associated with infant mortality, while variations in college education  in addition to these mediators explain neonatal mortality. To reduce infant and neonatal mortality, experiments are needed to examine the effectiveness of policies targeted at reducing income inequality and improving healthcare access, policing, and educational opportunities.
Source: International Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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[The Conversation Africa] As COVID-19 becomes the most intensely covered virus in history, there are important lessons to be drawn from the media's reporting of another global pandemic: HIV/Aids.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
AbstractGenital human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States and etiologically linked to several types of cancers including the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynges. Evidence indicates certain types of HPV-associated cancers disproportionally affect Latinos in the United States. This qualitative study sought to explore Latina mothers ’ perceptions and understanding of HPV infection, HPV-associated cancers, and the HPV vaccination for their adolescent sons and daughters. Twenty-two individual, face-to-face interviews were conducted in 2018–2019 wit...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSThe relationship between education and STI prevention may be more complex than is often assumed and is mediated by CEF skills, STI awareness and sexual health knowledge. Studies should examine whether STI prevention interventions are more effective if they enhance cognitive skills used to translate information into protective behaviors.
Source: The Guttmacher Institute - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) became publicly available in Quebec for gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBM) in 2013. We used baseline data from Engage, a cohort of GBM recruited by respondent-driven sampling, to examine patterns of combination HIV prevention use among Montreal GBM since PrEP became available. Latent class analysis, stratified by HIV status, was used to categorize GBM by self-reported use of biomedical and behavioural prevention strategies. Correlates of resulting classes were identified using multinomial logistic regression. Among HIV-negative/unknown GBM (n  = 96...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Young women in Australia disproportionately experience unintended pregnancy and sexually transmissible infections (STIs). As the promotion of highly effective pregnancy prevention methods such as long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) increases, concurrent use of condoms with LARC remains optimal for pregnancy and STI prevention. There is little data exploring condom use behaviour in young Australian women using LARC. In this qualitative study we interviewed twenty women using LARC about their experiences of making decisions regarding condom use. We used inductive thematic analysis to identify factor...
Source: Culture, Health and Sexuality - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cult Health Sex Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe looming threat of antimicrobial resistance requires robust stewardship and new developments in infectious diseases pharmacotherapy. This review discusses the pertinent spectrum and clinical data of lefamulin (Xenleta ®), with a focus on potential real-world use.Recent FindingsLefamulin is a novel pleuromutilin antibiotic that obtained Food and Drug Administration labeling for community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) in 2019. Lefamulin is available in both intravenous and oral formulations, and it inhibits bacterial protein synthesis inhibition through interactive binding to unique site...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
[Citizen] Tanzania has made considerable progress in the HIV/Aids response towards attaining the UNaids 90-90-90 treatment goals with 83 per cent of Tanzanians living with HIV having known their status in 2019, says a new report.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
[Nation] Kenya is inching closer to the global target of testing, treating and virally suppressing HIV/Aids in 90 percent of its population, a new report by the United Nations Programme on HIV/Aids (UNAIDS) titled Seizing the Moment says.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Abstract Viral hepatitis B is a global public health problem affecting nearly two billion subjects; 3.3% of whom are from the WHO (World Health Organization) Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO). It induces both acute and chronic hepatic disorders with subsequent liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a considerable percentage of patients based on the age of exposure. In this review, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and HCC prevalence, distribution and prevalence of different genotypes, and male/female infection frequencies in relation to the vaccination status in the Mediterranean countries were reported. St...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
[WHO] Geneva -- Countries seek innovative ways to mitigate the impact of disruptions and keep services going Seventy-three countries have warned that they are at risk of stock-outs of antiretroviral (ARV) medicines as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new WHO survey conducted ahead of the International AIDS Society's biannual conference. Twenty-four countries reported having either a critically low stock of ARVs or disruptions in the supply of these life-saving medicines.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
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