Feasibility and 3D Planning of a Novel Patient-Specific Instrumentation Technique in Medial Opening-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy

J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1710379A novel approach for opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) with patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) was evaluated for its safety, feasibility, and accuracy. Next, the mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA) was assessed as a potential planning angle by investigating the relation with the mechanical femorotibial angle (mFTA). Ten OWHTO cases were 3D planned using the mMPTA and operated with a customized 3D-printed wedge and cast which resembled the intended osteotomy opening. Patients were closely monitored for intraoperative and postoperative complications up to 1 year after surgery. Radiological assessment was conducted on full leg standing radiographs and supine lower limb computed tomography-scans preoperatively and 3 months after surgery. No intraoperative complications or logistical issues during PSI processing were observed. Absolute accuracy outcomes showed a correction error of 1.3° ± 1.1 mMPTA and 0.9° ± 0.6 mFTA with all osteotomies falling in (−2°; + 2°) mFTA around the target. The mMPTA and mFTA were found to have a strong correlation in both 3D (r = 0.842, p = 0.002) and 2D (r = 0.766, p = 0.01) imaging for effective correction. The study confirmed the development of a safe and feasible PSI technique in OWHTO with excellent accuracy outcomes. The strong correlation betw...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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