Stroke and left atrial thrombi after cryoballoon ablation of atrial fibrillation: incidence and predictors. Results from a long-term follow-up

AbstractStroke after catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a potential complication with long term consequences. Aim of this study was to determine incidence and potential predictors of stroke and left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi after AF ablation with cryo-energy. Two hundred nine consecutive patients with symptomatic drug refractory AF (65% male; 61  ± 11 yo, 69% paroxysmal AF, mean CHA2DS2-VASc score 2  ± 1.4) were enrolled between October 2012 until December 2015. Long term follow-up was performed with outpatient clinic visits at 6-month intervals. Incidence of stroke after CA was 1.4% (3/209 pts) at long term follow-up. Two out of 3 pts experienced stroke during the first 3 month after CA and one after 36 months. At long term follow-up LAA thrombi were found in two patients (1%) that were on therapeutic oral anticoagulation. Recurrence of AF was found in 4 out of 5 pts with stroke or LAA thrombi. Patients with stroke or LAA thrombi did not differed from those without in term of age, gender, CV risk factors, LA size and AF type. They differed only for EHRA score (2.4 vs 1.3, p = 0.01) before CA. At multivariate analysis after correction for age, gender, LA size, LVEF and AF type, only EHRA score (β 1.92, 95% C.I. 1.3 –35 p = 0.02), was an independent predictor of stroke/LAA thrombi. Incidence of stroke after cryoablation is low, with a relative higher prevalence d...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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rd A Abstract Using nationwide Danish registries, we conducted a population-based case-crossover study evaluating the association between switching from a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) to a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC), and vice-versa, and 30-day risks of bleeding and arterial thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. The case-crossover population was identified among oral anticoagulant users during 2011-2018 (n = 123,217), as AF patients with (a) a case-defining outcome and (b) an anticoagulant switch during the 180 days preceding the outcome. Odds Ratios were estimated using conditional lo...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: To our knowledge, this case is the second report of a left atrial posterior wall thrombus in this setting. The patient's complex and specific set of risk factors likely led to this rare finding. Although left atrial posterior wall thrombus after ablation is rare, in patients with specific risks or a combination of factors that could lead to such a clot, visualizing the left atrium in these patients may be beneficial to minimize the risk of systemic embolization. PMID: 32612478 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research
This study evaluated the benefit of dual therapy in reducing ischemic events in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing dual and triple therapies (oral anticoagulation plus aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitor) for AF patients with ACS or those undergoing PCI. The composite primary outcome included all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis (ST), or stroke. Relative risk (RR) and the corresponding 95% confiden...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesTo assess whether high doses of Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) (i.e. Enoxaparin 70 IU/kg twice daily) compared to standard prophylactic dose (i.e., Enoxaparin 4000 IU once day), in hospitalized patients with COVID19 not requiring Invasive Mechanical Ventilation [IMV], are:more effective in preventing clinical worsening, defined as the occurrence of at least one of the following events, whichever comes first:DeathAcute Myocardial Infarction [AMI]Objectively confirmed, symptomatic arterial or venous thromboembolism [TE]Need of either:Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (Cpap) or Non-Invasive Ventilatio...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion: Our data showed that minor bleeds are common in novel NOAC users, especially when using apixaban and rivaroxaban. In the latter two NOACs, hematoma (bruises) and nose bleeds were more frequently observed and accounted for the difference with dabigatran. Besides type of NOAC, a higher HAS-BLED score and novel anticoagulant drug use were associated with an increased risk of minor bleeding. PMID: 32573287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Abstract Males and females possess distinct biological differences that manifest in diverse risk profiles for acute and chronic diseases. A well-documented example of this is ischemic stroke. It has been demonstrated that older females have greater prevalence of, and worse outcome after, ischemic stroke than do males and younger females. Loss of estrogen after menopause is heavily implicated as a contributing factor for this phenomenon; however, there is mounting evidence to suggest that certain risk factors tend to occur more often in older females, such as hypertension and atrial fibrillation, while others more ...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
Rivaroxaban tablets are indicated for multiple conditions, including reduction of risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation; treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and treatment of pulmonary embolism (PE).
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
AbstractDabigatran etexilate is an oral direct thrombin (Factor IIa) inhibitor approved for patients with atrial fibrillation and for management of risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Dabigatran offers advantages over treatment with warfarin, including limited laboratory monitoring. It is equivalent in prevention of stroke and deep vein thrombosis with essentially equivalent complication rates. In contrast to warfarin, reversal of the anticoagulation is less well established. Idarucizumab is available for reversal, however supporting research is mixed; the agent also happens to be quite expensive making av...
Source: Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: AF was found to be an independent risk factor for stroke and total cardiovascular mortality even in individuals without other TCVRFs. PMID: 32554949 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
The CHA2DS2-VASc scale does not include potential risk factors for left atrial appendage thrombus (LAAT) formation such as a form of atrial fibrillation (AF) and impaired kidney function. The real risk of thromboembolic complications in AF patients is still unclear as well as an optimal anticoagulant treatment in males with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 and females with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 2. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive value of the CHA2DS2-VASc scale and other scales to estimate the risk of LAAT formation in AF patients treated with non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and to assess the preva...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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