Keto Might Change Your Gut in More Ways Than One
The now-trendy keto diet is said to turn fat into fuel. But a new, small study says it may also change the vast array of microbes residing in your gut (the microbiome).
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2020Source: Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of MutagenesisAuthor(s): Nasibeh Karimi, Ali Bidemeshki Pour, Reza Alibakhshi, Shekoufeh Almasi
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2020Source: Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of MutagenesisAuthor(s): Yuki Kitamura, Takayoshi Suzuki, Arihiro Kohara, Ken-ichi Saeki
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2020Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Sylvia Schröder, Nicholas A. Steinmetz, Michael Krumin, Marius Pachitariu, Matteo Rizzi, Leon Lagnado, Kenneth D. Harris, Matteo Carandini
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2020Source: Developmental Cognitive NeuroscienceAuthor(s): N.T. Padgaonkar, K.E. Lawrence, L.M. Hernandez, S.A. Green, A. Galván, M. Dapretto
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2020Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Chiara Poggi, Maria Viola Vasarri, Luca Boni, Lorenza Pugni, Fabio Mosca, Carlo Dani
Abstract Fast-track or enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways are evidence-based perioperative guides that promote stress reduction and earlier return to function following surgery. They emphasize preoperative counseling, nutrition optimization, analgesia standardization, fluid and electrolyte balance, minimally invasive approaches, and early ambulation. Although ERAS pathways were implemented in 2016 on a 43-bed postoperative colorectal medical-surgical unit, inpatient stays remained beyond the projected two-day length of stay (LOS). A quality improvement team was formed and an eight-week pilot project w...
PMID: 32439093 [PubMed - in process]
PMID: 32439092 [PubMed - in process]
Abstract The most commonly recognized high-risk group for colorectal cancer (CRC) is individuals with a positive family history. It is generally recognized that those with a first-degree relative (FDR) with CRC are at a 2-fold or higher risk of CRC or advanced neoplasia. FDRs of patients with advanced adenomas have a similarly increased risk. Accordingly, all major US guidelines recommend starting CRC screening by age 40 in these groups. Barriers to screening this group include patient lack of knowledge on family and polyp history, provider limitations in collecting family history, and insufficient application of ...
This article reviews alternative colorectal cancer (CRC) screening tests, including flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS), computed tomography (CT) colonography, and colon capsule endoscopy. FS has abundant and convincing evidence supporting its use for CRC screening and is a commonly used CRC test worldwide. CT colonography has demonstrated convincing results for CRC screening, but concerns regarding cost, accuracy for flat or sessile neoplasia, reproducibility, extracolonic findings, and lack of coverage have limited its use and development. Colon capsule endoscopy has demonstrated encouraging results for polyp detection in averag...