Blast Exposure Leads to Accelerated Cellular Senescence in the Rat Brain

Blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) is one of the major causes of persistent disabilities in Service Members, and a history of bTBI has been identified as a primary risk factor for developing age-associated neurodegenerative diseases. Clinical observations of several military blast casualties have revealed a rapid age-related loss of white matter integrity in the brain. In the present study, we have tested the effect of single and tightly coupled repeated blasts on cellular senescence in the rat brain. Isoflurane-anesthetized rats were exposed to either a single or 2 closely coupled blasts in an advanced blast simulator. Rats were euthanized and brains were collected at 24 h, 1 month and 1 year post-blast to determine senescence-associated-β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) activity in the cells using senescence marker stain. Single and repeated blast exposures resulted in significantly increased senescence marker staining in several neuroanatomical structures, including cortex, auditory cortex, dorsal lateral thalamic nucleus, geniculate nucleus, superior colliculus, ventral thalamic nucleus and hippocampus. In general, the increases in SA-β-gal activity were more pronounced at 1 month than at 24 h or 1 year post-blast and were also greater after repeated than single blast exposures. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed decreased levels of mRNA for senescence marker protein-30 (SMP-30) and increased mRNA levels for p21 (cyclin dependent kinase inhib...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Authors: Yamanaka H, Tsukamoto M, Hitosugi T, Yokoyama T Abstract Airway management for patients with craniofacial disorders poses many challenges. Congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face (CILF) is an extremely rare disorder in which mature lipocytes invade adjacent tissues in the head and neck. The manifestations are typically unilateral, often with associated hypertrophy of both the hard and soft tissues of the face. This is a case report regarding the anesthetic management for a 5-year-old intellectually disabled female with CILF involving the right side of her face who underwent a successful intubated g...
Source: Anesthesia Progress - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesth Prog Source Type: research
In this study, we tested the feasibility of anaesthetised fMRI in 11 patients (mean age = 9.8 years) with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a severe form of childhood-onset epilepsy associated with intellectual disability. fMRI was acquired during clinically-indicated MRI sessions using a synergistic anaesthesia regimen we typically administer for epilepsy neurosurgery: combined low-dose isoflurane (≤ 0.8% end-tidal concentration) with remifentanil (≤ 0.1 mcg/kg/min). Using group-level independent component analysis, we assessed the presence of resting-state networks by spatially comparing results ...
Source: Brain Topography - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Brain Topogr Source Type: research
Conclusions: A greater incidence of anterior circulation ischemic stroke, and recurrent strokes occur in patients with DM.
Source: Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The ultrasound-guided non-flush ligation and stripping of the great saphenous vein are as efficacious as radio frequency ablation, with similar obliteration rates, improvement in disability scores and complication profile at a lower cost. It has the potential for wider availability in the community as most surgeons are conversant with the surgical procedure. PMID: 32538106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
Conclusions: Averaged COx ≥0.05 is independently associated with short and long-term mortality and long-term severe disability in acutely comatose adults with neurological injury. We propose that COx ≥0.05 represents an accurate threshold to predict long-term functional outcome in acutely comatose adults.
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
This study reported a new endoscopic discectomy strategy for the treatment of very highly migrated LDH between the L4/5 and L5/S1 level. MATERIAL AND METHODS The current study retrospectively analyzed 12 patients who accepted PELD for very highly migrated LDH between the L4/5 and L5/S1 level. Under local anesthesia, the transforaminal approach was chosen for the L4/5 level and the interlaminar approach was chosen for the L5/S1 level. The 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to assess back pain (VAS-Back) and leg pain (VAS-Leg). Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Modified Mac Nab Criteria were adopted as the funct...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Mosquito bites may be a nuisance, but fortunately, in the U.S., they tend to amount to nothing more than that. Upon being bitten, most Americans experience a bit of swelling and itchiness, and nothing more. However, there are exceptions to this, including stronger allergic reactions to bites and cases of mosquito-borne illness.  Insect and arachnid bites, including ticks, account for approximately 2,000 cases of malaria and 30,000 cases of Lyme disease in the U.S. annually. In addition, millions of people worldwide die of malaria each year. It is helpful to protect yourself against insect bites, not only to avoid pesk...
Source: Conversations with Dr Greene - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Dr. Greene's Blog Environmental Health Insect Bites & Stings Insects & Animals Outdoor Safety Source Type: blogs
Abstract Children with multiple exposures to anesthesia and surgery may be more likely to develop learning disability. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) was reported to reduce the multiple sevoflurane treatment induced cognitive deficiency in 6-day old young mice. However, its specific mechanisms have not yet been found. This research aimed to reveal the role of ApoE in the pathogenesis of cognitive deficiency caused by sevoflurane anesthesia and the protective mechanism of CoQ10 in a multiple sevoflurane treatment model of young mice. The mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: Control + corn oil, Sevoflurane + corn oil, Co...
Source: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Int J Dev Neurosci Source Type: research
Condition:   Adult Patients With Intellectual and/or Physical Disabilities Requiring Dental Treatment Under General Anesthesia Intervention:   Other: No patient treatment is associated with the study Sponsor:   University of Göttingen Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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