Adjusting for adherence in randomized trials when adherence is measured as a continuous variable: An application to the Lipid Research Clinics Coronary Primary Prevention Trial.

CONCLUSIONS: Methods which appropriately adjust for time-varying post-randomization variables can explain away much of the bias in the "effect" of adherence to placebo. When considering continuous adherence, investigators should consider several models as estimates may be sensitive to the model chosen. PMID: 32414298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Trials - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Clin Trials Source Type: research

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Authors: Kruska M, Fastner C, Scheitz JF, Kolb A, Rutsch M, Papavassiliu T, Borggrefe M, Alonso A, Akin I, Szabo K, Baumann S Abstract Routine determination of troponin levels is recommended for all patients with acute ischemic stroke. In 20-55% of these patients the troponin levels are elevated, which may be caused by ischemic as well as non-ischemic myocardial damage and particularly neurocardiogenic myocardial damage. In patients with acute ischemic stroke, the prevalence of previously unknown coronary heart disease is reported to be up to 27% and is prognostically relevant for these patients; however, relevant ...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Authors: Dworakowska D, Grossman AB Abstract COVID-19, which is caused by the single-stranded RNA severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has introduced significant therapeutic dilemmas in several areas. One of these is concern regarding the use of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors. Dysfunction of the RAS has been observed in COVID-19 patients, but whether RAS inhibitors, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II type-1 receptor blockers (ARBs), are associated with improved or worse clinical outcomes, remains unclear. RAS inhibitors are currently widel...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewSignificant racial and ethnic healthcare disparities exist in the management and outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This review will highlight the recent studies focusing on disparities in AMI care and how practice patterns have changed over time, and discuss solutions and future directions to overcome disparities in AMI care.Recent FindingsAMI continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the USA. Racial and ethnic disparities continue to be present in the care and outcomes associated with AMI. Non-white individuals continue to receive less guideline-conco...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Condition:   Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Intervention:   Sponsor:   University of California, San Diego Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
(Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care) Non-invasive diagnostic procedures for suspected CHD: search reveals informative evidence Informative study results are available on diagnostic procedures using computed tomography angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for suspected coronary heart disease (CHD).
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The occurrence of AF is independently associated with BCM-measured fluid overload, which is common among ESRD patients.
. PMID: 32631485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
This study aimed to reevaluate the current prevalence of AAA in male patients with CHD, in order to assess whether CHD patients should be offered a targeted AAA ultrasound screening program. Patients and methods: The SCAN (Screening Cardiovascular Patients for Aortic Aneurysms) study prospectively evaluated the AAA prevalence in 1000 consecutive male CHD patients (70.1 ± 11.2 years) requiring any coronary intervention at an university hospital. All patients received transverse and longitudinal ultrasound scans of the abdominal aorta. Aortic diameter was assessed using the outer-to-outer measurement-te...
Source: VASA. Zeitschrift fur Gefasskrankheiten. Journal for Vascular Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Vasa Source Type: research
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been an important technology for the treatment of CHD. Blood lipid management is criti...
Source: Lipids in Health and Disease - Category: Lipidology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo better understand the impact of obesity and cardiovascular diseases on influenza A infection.Recent FindingsThis infection could have detrimental outcomes in obese patients with cardiovascular diseases, such as an increased risk, length of hospitalization, disease severity, morbidity, and mortality. Nevertheless, there also might be some cardioprotective benefits associated with influenza vaccination, such as a reduced mortality, hospitalization, and acute coronary syndromes, in patients with coronary heart disease and/or heart failure.SummaryObesity negatively impacts immune function and host d...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
From adolescence until old age, women are more vulnerable to common mental disorders (CMDs; depression and anxiety) than men at all stages of the life course. By middle age, women who have clinical depression are at twice the risk of having an incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) than those without. This has important implications for the way we prevent, identify and treat both CMDs and coronary heart disease in women. In this paper, we discuss the various genetic, biological, ethnic/racial, and psychological pathways by which women's vulnerability to CMDs elevate their CVD risk and recovery from a cardiac event.
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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