Opalski Syndrome Treated with Intravenous Recombinant Tissue Type Plasminogen Activator —Case Report and Review of Literature

A 65-year-old man with a history of Wallenberg syndrome caused by vertebral artery dissection at 62 years old was admitted to our hospital with nausea, vertigo, right facial dysesthesia, right hemiplegia, crossed sensory disturbance (sensory loss and numbness in the right face and left body below the neck), and right limb ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed 80 minutes after onset revealed no acute ischemic stroke lesions, but magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) demonstrated complete occlusion of the right vertebral artery.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

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Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Authors: Schep LJ, Slaughter RJ, Glue P, Gee P Abstract Cannabis is one of the most widely used recreational drugs in the world. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive principal constituent of the cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa). It is taken either orally or by inhalation, resulting in sedation, euphoria, relaxation and loss of social inhibition. Adverse effects from higher doses can include fear, distrust and a profound state of unease, hallucinations, ataxia, stupor and seizures. Long-term use can result in respiratory and cardiovascular toxicity and has been associated with a range of psychiatric condit...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Emergency departments will frequently call a stroke alert for patients taking LTG and presenting with symptoms consistent with LTG toxicity, particularly in seniors at greater risk of stroke. This adds not only expense but also radiation and contrast exposure from computed tomography (CT) studies. We recommend that a rapid LTG assay be made available and always ordered in patients receiving LTG, avoiding the considerable expense of an unnecessary stroke evaluation. PMID: 32652284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Kalla R Abstract This review provides an update on interdisciplinary treatment for dizziness. Dizziness can have various causes and the treatment offered should depend on the cause. After reading this article, the clinician will have an overview of current treatment recommendations. Recommendations are made for the most prevalent causes of dizziness including acute and chronic vestibular syndromes, vestibular neuritis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, endolymphatic hydrops and Menière's disease, vestibular paroxysmia and vestibular migraine, cardiac causes, transient ischaemic attacks and strokes, epis...
Source: Swiss Medical Weekly - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Swiss Med Wkly Source Type: research
Cerebellar strokes account for less than 10% of all strokes but lead to significantly poor outcomes. Cerebellar strokes that are initially missed have a mortality rate of 40%, and half of the patients who survive have long-term deficits. The patient's history may provide clues that point to a cerebellar stroke. Signs and symptoms include vertigo, headache, vomiting and ataxia. It is important to note the presence of stroke risk factors, such as a history of strokes or transient ischemic attacks, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, advanced age, atrial fibrillation, and cigarette smoking. The importance o...
Source: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Cases of Note Source Type: research
Conclusions:Neurocutaneous syndromes are typically diagnosed in childhood and can be a rare cause of stroke in young. Our patient suffered an ischemic stroke secondary to sequelae of undiagnosed PHACE syndrome. Early identification of neurocutaneous syndromes allows for proper surveillance, evaluation, and preventative education for development of complications.Disclosure: Dr. Fitzgerald has nothing to disclose. Dr. Chandra has nothing to disclose. Dr. Dannenbaum has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sharrief has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Genetic Stroke Syndromes, Biomarkers, and Translational/Basic Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this retrospective study, triptans and DHE were used with no reported, subsequent acute/subacute ischemic vascular events for the abortive treatment of migraines with basilar and hemiplegic-type features. Although the small sample sizes generated theoretical statistical event rates of 4.5% for BM and 23% for HM, there has been no clear evidence that BM and HM carry an actual elevated risk for vascular events compared with migraine with aura. PMID: 27062528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Thiamine deficiency mimicking stroke while on total parenteral nutrition has been rarely documented. Recognition of this syndrome is critical as prompt treatment may reverse symptoms.Disclosure: Dr. Parker has nothing to disclose. Dr. Marafie has nothing to disclose. Dr. Wolf has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurocritical Care: Clinical Science and Therapeutics Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this retrospective study, triptans and DHE were used with no reported, subsequent acute/subacute ischemic vascular events for the abortive treatment of migraines with basilar and hemiplegic‐type features. Although the small sample sizes generated theoretical statistical event rates of 4.5% for BM and 23% for HM, there has been no clear evidence that BM and HM carry an actual elevated risk for vascular events compared with migraine with aura.
Source: Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Submissions Source Type: research
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