Digital Interventions for PTSD Symptoms in the General Population: a Review

AbstractThere has been a significant development of digital interventions for the treatment of Post-Traumatic Symptom Disorder (PTSD) over the past two decades. However, the majority of research has examined their clinical efficacy for military service members and veteran populations whereas community-based trauma survivors have received significantly less attention. Their effectiveness for this population, therefore, remains unclear. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of digitally delivered psychological therapies to alleviate PTSD symptomatology in the general population. Findings showed that digitally delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (iCBT) produced more consistently significant improvements in PTSD symptoms, compared to interapy, expressive writing, psychoeducation, mindfulness, cognitive tasks and psychosocial interventions. iCBT - associated improvements were also independent of the focus (i.e. trauma vs. non-trauma) of the intervention, the provision of therapeutic support (e.g. guided vs. unguided), type of feedback (e.g. automated vs. individualised) or the number of sessions provided. Nevertheless, the number of included studies for subgroup analyses was relatively low. Digital interventions have an enormous potential to improve accessibility, efficiency, clinical effectiveness and personalisation of mental health interventions. Future research is needed to investigate further the use of a wider range of therapeutic approaches across dif...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that for women who experience IPV, psychological therapies probably reduce depression and may reduce anxiety. However, we are uncertain whether psychological therapies improve other outcomes (self-efficacy, post-traumatic stress disorder, re-exposure to IPV, safety planning) and there are limited data on harm. Thus, while psychological therapies probably improve emotional health, it is unclear if women's ongoing needs for safety, support and holistic healing from complex trauma are addressed by this approach. There is a need for more interventions focused on trauma approaches and more rigorou...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Abstract Arabic-speaking immigrants and refugees constitute one of the largest immigrant groups in Sweden. Previous research on Arabic-speaking immigrants indicates elevated levels of psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine the efficacy of an internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatment (ICBT) in an Arabic-speaking immigrant population. The intervention was individually tailored based on self-described problems and consisted of nine modules targeting areas such as depression, anxiety and insomnia. In total, 59 individuals were included and ...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research
This article was originally published on The Conversation. The Study in Context: Study: 46.7 million Americans have Alzheimer’s Disease brain pathology today, so it’s urgent to prevent or at least delay progression to clinical disease Report: 35% of worldwide dementia cases could be prevented by modifying these 9 modifiable risk factors Solving the Brain Fitness Puzzle Is the Key to Self-Empowered Aging
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness aging Alzheimer's disease prevention Alzheimers-disease anxiety behavioural marker brain health Brain-Fitness chronic-stress cognitive behavioural therapy Cognitive Debt cognitive decline Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsCompared to CBT, IAT showed superiority in improving mental health symptoms and adaptative stress from baseline to 6-week posttreatment. The differences in scores between IAT and CBT were modest and future studies conducted by independent research teams need to confirm the findings. Trial registrationThe study is registered under Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) (http://www.anzctr.org.au/). The trial registration number is: ACTRN12617001452381
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Background Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a potentially chronic and disabling disorder that affects a significant minority of youth exposed to trauma. Previous studies have concluded that trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (TF-CBT) is a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: EMDR and TF-CBT appear to be most effective at reducing symptoms and improving remission rates in adults with PTSD. They are also effective at sustaining symptom improvements beyond treatment endpoint. Further research needs to explore the long-term comparative effectiveness of psychological therapies for adults with PTSD and also the impact of severity and complexity of PTSD on treatment outcomes. PMID: 32063234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsNeither traumatic exposure nor baseline symptoms of PTSD predicted the treatment outcomes examined here. Despite improvements in both comorbid depression and anxiety, participation in this pain ‐focused CBT program was not associated with improvements in comorbid PTSD. To the extent that changes in PTSD symptoms did occur, these were mediated by changes in psychological inflexibility during treatment.SignificancePain ‐focused CBT programs yield clinically meaningful improvements in pain and comorbid symptoms of depression and anxiety, but may have little effect on comorbid PTSD. This raises the issue of whet...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (TF-CBT), such as prolonged exposure therapy, is a first-line treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, adapting TF-CBT as an intervention in situations with limited resources, such as in dis...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Social cognition is disturbed in PTSD and should be regarded as an important symptom. Damages in social cognition seem to take part in the functional disability of people with PTSD. We highlight the interest of a systematic assessment of social cognition in the care of patients with PTSD and suggest which tests could be the most relevant for this evaluation. PRACTITIONER POINTS: •PTSD is no longer regarded as a subtype of anxiety disorder, but as part of a new category in the DSM-5. In clinical practice, symptoms tied to alterations in arousal and reactivity - such as irritability and vigilance - and...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Br J Clin Psychol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is limited evidence from randomised controlled trials which supports claims that computer- or Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders is not inferior to in-person delivery. Randomised controlled trials properly designed to test non-inferiority are needed before conclusions about the relative benefits of in-person and Internet- and computer-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy can be made. PROSPERO: CRD420180961655-6. PMID: 31339342 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research
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