Type IV secretion of Helicobacter pylori CagA into oral epithelial cells is prevented by the absence of CEACAM receptor expression

ConclusionsThese results show that lack of CEACAM receptors on the surface of the oral epithelial cells was responsible for resistance toH. pylori CagA-dependent pathogenic activities, and confirms the important role for the T4SS-dependent interaction of these receptors withH. pylori in the gastric epithelium.
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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The pathogenic bacterium Helicobacter pylori is genetically highly diverse and a major risk factor for the development of peptic ulcer disease and gastric adenocarcinoma in humans. During evolution, H. pylori has acquired multiple type IV secretion systems (T4SSs), and then adapted for various purposes. These T4SSs represent remarkable molecular transporter machines, often associated with an extracellular pilus structure present in many bacteria, which are commonly composed of multiple structural proteins spanning the inner and outer membranes. By definition, these T4SSs exhibit central functions mediated through the conta...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
sco Musiani Urease is a nickel-containing enzyme that is essential for the survival of several and often deadly pathogenic bacterial strains, including Helicobacter pylori. Notwithstanding several attempts, the development of direct urease inhibitors without side effects for the human host remains, to date, elusive. The recently solved X-ray structure of the HpUreDFG accessory complex involved in the activation of urease opens new perspectives for structure-based drug discovery. In particular, the quaternary assembly and the presence of internal tunnels for nickel translocation offer an intriguing possibility to target...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Baeg Kim Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a primary etiologic factor in gastric diseases. Sulglycotide is a glycopeptide derived from pig duodenal mucin. Esterification of its carbohydrate chains with sulfate groups creates a potent gastroprotective agent used to treat various gastric diseases. We investigated the inhibitory effects of sulglycotide on adhesion and inflammation after H. pylori infection in human gastric adenocarcinoma cells (AGS cells). H. pylori reference strain 60190 (ATCC 49503) was cultured on Brucella agar supplemented with 10% bovine serum. Sulgylcotide-mediated growth inhibition of H. pyl...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
eybek B Abstract Colonization of the human gastric mucosa by H. pylori may cause peptic and duodenal ulcers (DUs), gastric lymphomas, and gastric cancers. The cagL gene is a component of cag T4SS and is involved in cagA translocation into host. An association between the risk of gastric cancer and the type of HLA class II (DR and/or DQ) was suggested in different populations. The aim of this study was to investigate, the clinical association of the cagL gene with host HLA alleles in H. pylori strains that were isolated from patients with gastric cancer, DU, and non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) and to determine the HLA al...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
Conclusion. Residues 303-456 of the N-terminal region of CagA induce IL-8 production via a CagA303-456-ITGB1-p38-IL-8 pathway, and ERK1/2 is also involved in the release of IL-8. Extracellular CagA might induce IL-8 production before translocation into AGS cells. PMID: 32100714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
ConclusionConsidering our results, the high expression of miRNA-17-3p and miRNA-17-5p has a direct relationship with increased cell proliferation, inhibition of tumor cell apoptosis and tumor angiogenesis, in addition to miRNAs play an important role as biomarkers in helping for detection of the patient byH. pylori infection to become cancerous. Therefore, it can be used to make specific diagnostic kits and to treat patients.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we analyzed the bacterial energetic requirements associated with these cellular alterations. Mutant strains lacking Cagα, Cagβ, or CagE (putative ATPases corresponding to VirB11, VirD4, and VirB4 in prototypical T4SSs) were capable of T4SS core complex assembly but defective in CagA translocation into host cells. Thus, the three Cag ATPases are not functionally redundant. Cagα and CagE were required for H. pylori-induced NF-B activation, IL-8 secretion, and TLR9 activation, but Cagβ was dispensable for these responses. We identified putative ATP-binding motifs (Walker-A and Walker-B) in...
Source: Infection and Immunity - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Molecular Pathogenesis Source Type: research
The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is crucial to regulate cell proliferation and polarity, cell determination, and tissue homeostasis. The activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is based on the interaction between Wnt glycoproteins and seven transmembrane receptors—Frizzled (Fzd). This binding promotes recruitment of the scaffolding protein Disheveled (Dvl), which results in the phosphorylation of the co-receptor LRP5/6. The resultant molecular complex Wnt–Fzd–LRP5/6-Dvl forms a structural region for Axin interaction that disrupts Axin-mediated phosphorylation/degradation of the transcriptional ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, the role of hp0788 in H. pylori infection was further analyzed. RNA-seq data showed that two genes (hp0523 and hp0539), located on the cagPAI, were down-regulated in Δ0788 mutant. The changes were confirmed through qRT-PCR, and the expression of these two genes will be almost recovered to the normal level in complemented strain. These two genes, hp0523 and hp0539, are known to be necessary for integrated T4SS, which related to CagA translocation and IL-8 induction. In H. pylori infected assay, lower amount of phosphorylated CagA and lower induction of IL-8 were both detected in GES-1 cells infected b...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Tegtmeyer The gastric pathogen and carcinogen Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) encodes a type IV secretion system for translocation of the effector protein CagA into host cells. Injected CagA becomes tyrosine-phosphorylated at the five amino acid residue Glutamate-Proline- Isoleucine-Tyrosine-Alanine (EPIYA)-sequence motifs. These phosphorylated EPIYA-sites represent recognition motifs for binding of multiple host factors, which then manipulate signaling pathways to trigger gastric disease. Thus, efficient detection of single phosphorylated EPIYA-motifs in CagA is required. Detection of phospho-CagA is primarily perfo...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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