Study: Any Level Of Drinking, Smoking While Pregnant May Affect Newborn ’ s Brain Development

(CNN) — If you’re stressed or wanting to enjoy virtual happy hour with friends while pregnant, having a glass of wine every so often may seem like a relaxing plan. But that behavior runs counter to a study published Tuesday in the journal JAMA Network Open. Researchers found drinking or smoking of any level while pregnant — from low to high, and even if you quit early — influenced the brain development of the mothers’ newborns. Negative long-term effects of excessive prenatal alcohol or tobacco exposure (or both), increase the risk for multiple adverse outcomes, researchers observed. Prenatal alcohol exposure is the leading cause of preventable intellectual disability, the study said, and smoking during pregnancy is one of the most modifiable causes of post-birth disease and death. However, public health hasn’t yet determined a safe level of alcohol or tobacco use during pregnancy, the study said. So the authors examined the link between prenatal exposure to alcohol and tobacco smoking and brain activity in newborns. They didn’t find a safe, conclusive level, but the findings suggested drinking or smoking in early stages and then quitting, or doing so at low, moderate or high levels all impacted newborn brain development. Those who drank alcohol then quit in the first trimester had an average of nine drinks during that time period. A low level of alcohol is defined for the study’s purposes as two standard drinks on average durin...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Pregnancy Source Type: news

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AbstractCohen syndrome (CS) is an autosomal recessive congenital disorder, characterized by hypotonia, intellectual disability, developmental delay, microcephaly, progressive retinopathy, neutropenia, truncal obesity, joint laxity, characteristic facial, ophthalmic, oral and appendage abnormalities, and an over friendly behavior. It has been linked to mutations in theVPS13B gene. The main purpose of this study was to determine the genetic cause of CS in an Indian family. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was used to identify the genetic cause of CS in the family. The WES analysis identified a homozygous novel duplication mutati...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Bondy SC, Campbell A Abstract Melatonin is well known as a neuroendocrine hormone that promotes sleep. However, the many other attributes of melatonin are less apparent and not as widely appreciated. The purpose of this review is to summarize the qualities of melatonin relating to immune function. The relevance of melatonin in partially or wholly restoring optimal function in a series of disorders related to immune dysfunction is addressed. This includes the potential relief of both autoimmune diseases and many other ailments involving abnormal immune responses, including the overall diminished effectivene...
Source: Current Aging Science - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Curr Aging Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Sofia H. Piltz, Cecilia G. Diniz Behn, Victoria Booth
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
[SAnews.gov.za] While the country will remain on lockdown level 3 amid a rapid rise in COVID-19 infections, President Cyril Ramaphosa has announced drastic measures in an effort to preserve lives and limit the rise in infections.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Cases rise by over 230,000 worldwide in 24 hours;Florida cases increase by record total for a US state; Brazil cases near 2m. Follow the latest updatesSouth Africa reimposes ban on alcohol salesWHO reports record rise in global infectionsImmunity to Covid-19 could be lost in months, UK study suggests30-year-old dies after attending ‘Covid party’ in TexasSee all our coronavirus coverage4.54amBSTHong Kong health authorities are continuing to battle its worst virus outbreak yet. It saw a rise in cases in March as people began returning from overseas, prompting increased social distancing measures and restrictions ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news US news UK news Australia news South Africa Brazil Science Infectious diseases Source Type: news
Hi! I was wondering if anyone had tips for surviving early pregnancy as a physician. I feel awful and just want to curl in a ball and sleep. I'm an attending and getting coverage is a challenge.
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Women in Healthcare Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2020Source: Journal of the American College of RadiologyAuthor(s): Lori A. Deitte, Tara M. Catanzano, Christopher P. Ho, Madelene C. Lewis
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Discussion Pregnancy complications in early pregnancy range from mild to severe. They can include nausea and emesis which often is treated symptomatically, but can cause hyperemesis gravidarum and need hospitalization for intravenous fluids. Mild cramping and slight spotting are not uncommon. Some type of pregnancy bleeding is common with 20-40% of women experiencing it. Women who have early vaginal bleeding have a higher risk of later pregnancy complications. Pregnancy in adolescents is about 10% of all pregnancies. Adolescent pregnancy can be associated with various problems including higher rates of threatened aborti...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
They struck a sober note on Sunday ’s news programs, strongly urging the vast majority of people in hard-hit cities and states to wear masks and avoid large gatherings.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Masks Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Coronavirus Reopenings Adams, Jerome M (1974- ) Giroir, Brett P Southern States (US) Trump, Donald J your-feed-healthcare Source Type: news
Education Secretary Betsy DeVos pushes for U.S. schools to reopen. Trump wears a mask publicly for the first time. And India ’s latest surge includes a top Bollywood star.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Source Type: news
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