Do adults really need tetanus booster shots?
If you haven’t had a tetanus booster shot in the past decade, your doctor may recommend getting one. Many people think of a tetanus shot as something you only need if you step on a rusty nail. Yet even in the absence of a puncture wound, this vaccine is recommended for all adults at least every 10 years. But why? A group of researchers recently questioned whether you need to repeat tetanus vaccines on a regular schedule. What is a tetanus booster? Booster shots are repeat vaccinations you receive after your first series of immunizations as a child. Protection from certain vaccines can wane over time, which is why doctors advise boosters. The tetanus vaccine is not just for tetanus though. It’s bundled with a vaccine for diphtheria and sometimes one for pertussis (the bacteria that causes whooping cough). What are tetanus and diphtheria? Tetanus and diphtheria are rare but serious diseases that can cause severe complications in those infected. Tetanus, sometimes known as “lockjaw,” is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called Clostridium tetani. When this bacteria invades the body, it can produce a toxin that leads to painful muscle tightening and stiffness. In severe cases, it can lead to trouble breathing, seizures, and death. Tetanus does not spread from person to person. Usually it enters the body through contaminated breaks in the skin — stepping on a nail that has the bacteria on it, for example. There are about 30 reported cases of t...
The rise of vaccine-preventable illnesses, such as measles and hepatitis, in the United States and around the globe has been alarming in recent years. For women — especially those hoping to become pregnant, as well as women who are pregnant or have recently had a baby — vaccines can be a worrisome topic. There are many misconceptions about vaccine safety in and around pregnancy that can lead to confusion and unnecessary fear of a lifesaving medical tool. As a practicing ob/gyn, I often discuss vaccines with my patients and help them sort out fears versus facts. Which vaccines should you consider before concepti...
(CNN) — Most pregnant women in the United States don’t get flu and whooping cough vaccines even though the shots are safe and recommended as part of routine prenatal care, a report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Tuesday. The report said the low rates of vaccination during pregnancy could put moms-to-be and newborns at greater risk of infection, hospitalization and death. The two vaccinations pass on antibodies to the fetus that provide protection after birth, when babies are too young to be vaccinated. It added that pregnant women have more than double the risk of hospitalization if...
Conclusion: Tdap administration to Korean subjects ≥ 10 years, including pregnant women, for the prevention of diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis was shown to have a well-tolerated safety profile. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01929291. PMID: 30940999 [PubMed - in process]
In a review of California mothers of infants with pertussis in 2016, mothers who were offered tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular (Tdap) vaccination on-site during a routine prenatal visit were more likely to be vaccinated than were mothers who were referred off-site for vaccination, highlighting the need to incorporate Tdap vaccination into routine prenatal care to reduce access barriers.
Despite recommendations from the CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice and ACOG, tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination rates during pregnancy remain very low at about 10%. Vaccinating pregnant women confers passive immunity to infants against pertussis, who experience significantly higher mortality from whooping cough. We sought to highlight the importance of this recommendation by assessing the cost-effectiveness of the Tdap vaccine in pregnant women for preventing pertussis infection in infants.
Timely vaccination can prevent three-quarters of cases in newborns Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Infections and Pregnancy, Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Vaccines, Whooping Cough
(Reuters Health) - Too many U.S. adults are not getting vaccinated, putting themselves and others at risk, immunization experts say. According to the latest available data, about 44 percent of adults over age 19 had a flu shot; 20 percent had a TDAP vaccine, which protects against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis; and 20 percent of 19-to-64-year-olds at risk of pneumonia had that vaccine (compared to 60 percent of those over 65). Just 27 percent of those over age 60 were vaccinated against herpes zoster, which cuts the risk of shingles in half, according to new guidelines from the Advisory Committee on Immunization P...
Finding should reassure women who get Tdap shot to help protect their infant against whooping cough Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Pregnancy, Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Vaccines
It also offers short-term protection to vulnerable newborns, researchers say Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Pregnancy, Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Vaccines, Whooping Cough
Tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine is recommended for all pregnant women in the U.S. as the key medical intervention to protect newborn infants from pertussis (whooping cough). However, the safety of giving the Tdap vaccine to pregnant women has not been fully determined. According to a new study the Tdap vaccine is safe for both mothers and infants.
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