Integrity of plasma DNA is inversely correlated with vaccine-induced antitumor immunity in ovarian cancer patients

AbstractCancer immunotherapy including vaccine therapy is a promising modality for cancer treatment, but few patients show its clinical benefits currently. The identification of biomarkers that can identify patients who will benefit from cancer immunotherapy is thus important. Here, we investigated the potential utility of the circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) integrity —a ratio of necrotic cell-derived, longer DNA fragments versus apoptotic cell-derived shorter fragments of Alu gene—as a biomarker of vaccine therapy for patients with ovarian cancer. We analyzed plasma samples from 39 patients with advanced or recurrent ovarian cancer enrolled in clinical trial s for personalized peptide vaccinations. We observed that (1) the cfDNA integrity was decreased after the first cycle of vaccination, and (2) the decreased levels of cfDNA integrity were correlated with vaccine-induced immune responses; i.e., decreased cfDNA integrity was observed in 91.7% and 59.3% of the IgG-positive and negative patients, respectively (p = 0.0445). Similarly, decreased cfDNA integrity was observed in 92.9% and 56.0% of CTL response-positive and negative patients, respectively (p = 0.0283). These results suggest that the circulating cfDNA integrity is a possible biomarker for cancer vaccine therapy.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Taken together, these results approved that LPS and IL-8 activated neutrophils from UCB may be the novel strategy in immune therapy for ovarian cancer.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
ft LE Abstract New treatments are urgently needed in patients with ovarian cancer (OC), as diagnosis is delayed in many instances, resulting in 85% recurrence of the disease following surgery and standard chemotherapy. OC is considered to be an immunological type of cancer, despite its limited response to current immunotherapy options, including vaccination. Thus, additional interventions may improve their efficacy. Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most widely used cellular vaccination therapy in patients with OC due to their crucial role in the initiation and development of immune response. There are viable options ...
Source: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Biotechnol Source Type: research
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Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
ONCOS-102, a promising immunotherapy vaccine, is moving closer to becoming a part of future first-line treatment for mesothelioma. Early clinical trial results announced this week show safety and efficacy when the vaccine is used in combination with standard-of-care chemotherapy for patients with inoperable pleural mesothelioma. Targovax, a Scandinavian pharmaceutical company developing the drug, is moving forward with another study combining ONCOS-102 with a checkpoint inhibitor drug such as Keytruda (pembrolizumab) or Opdivo (nivolumab), along with chemotherapy. “We have seen enough data at this point to be going ...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: New and Novel Treatments for Gynecologic Cancer Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
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Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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