Efficacy of acupressure for chronic low back pain: A systematic review.

CONCLUSION: Acupressure is a feasible, effective, safe, low cost nonpharmacologic method to treat CLBP. PMID: 32379678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Clin Pract Source Type: research

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In this study, causal mediation analysis was used to determine whether the effect of CFT on disability and the lack of effect on pain (relative to a group exercise and educati on intervention) is mediated by certain psychological and lifestyle factors. Hypothesised mediators measured were pain self‐efficacy, stress, fear of physical activity, coping, depression, anxiety, and sleep, at 6 months. The outcomes measured were functional disability and pain intensity at 12 mo nths. This causal mediation study shows that the majority of benefit of CFT (relative to a group exercise and education intervention) for disability is d...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with CLBP perceived multiple outcomes from physiotherapy treatment that cover the domains of global, physical, mental and social health. These study findings suggest that the targets of measurement for physiotherapy need to be expanded in order to reflect outcome domains valued by patients.Implications for rehabilitationMinimum important changes in pain intensity and disability were not valid indicators of global improvements as perceived by patients.Patients with chronic low back pain undergoing physiotherapy perceived gains in multiple health domains that ranged beyond pain and disability domains.Phy...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian StudiesAuthor(s): Maria P. Volpato, Izabela C.A. Breda, Ravena C. de Carvalho, Caroline de Castro Moura, Laís L. Ferreira, Marcelo L. Silva, Josie R.T. Silva
Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study. Objective. To (1) confirm validity of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) physical function and pain interference computer-adaptive tests (CATs) and (2) assess the validity of PROMIS Global Health (GH) and five additional PROMIS CATs: social role satisfaction, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbance in a population of patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) who completed a 3-month Interdisciplinary Pain Program (IPP). Summary of Background Data. Recent recommendations for assessing outcomes in patients with cLBP have included PRO...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate if a single session of real or placebo cupping therapy in patients with chronic low back pain would be enough to temporarily reduce pain intensity and functional disability, enhancing their mechanical threshold and reducing local skin temperature. The outcome measures pain intensity using Brief Pain Inventory, pressure pain threshold, disability using the Roland Morris disability questionnaire, and low back skin temperature were assessed. This is an experimental clinical trial; after examination (AV0), patients were submitted to real or placebo cupping therapy (15 minutes, b...
Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Study Design. This is an observational cohort study. Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of PT to an interdisciplinary treatment approach in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Summary of Background Data. CLBP is a costly and potentially disabling condition. Physical therapy (PT), cognitive behavioral therapy, and interdisciplinary pain programs (IPPs) are superior to usual care. Empirical evidence is lacking to clearly support one treatment approach over another in patients with CLBP. Methods. One hundred seventeen adult patients who completed an IPP for individuals with &g...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate if a single session of real or placebo cupping therapy in patients with chronic LBP would be enough to temporarily reduce pain intensity and functional disability, enhancing their mechanical threshold and reducing local skin temperature. The outcome measures were Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), pressure pain threshold (PPT), Roland Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ) and low back skin temperature. This is an experimental clinical trial; after examination (AV0), patients were submitted to real or placebo cupping therapy (15 minutes, bilaterally at the points BL23 (Shenshu), BL24 (Q...
Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: The European Portuguese version of the FDI has very good internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and construct validity when used in a sample of community adolescents with chronic pain. Implications for rehabilitation One of the most widely instruments used to assess functional disability is the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI), which in its original version has good psychometric properties and is recommended by the Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials; However, the FDI has not been translated yet into European Portuguese language and its psychome...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Authors: Licciardone JC, Schmitt ME, Aryal S Abstract Context: Comparisons of osteopathic physicians (ie, DOs) and allopathic physicians (ie, MDs) on interpersonal manner, including empathy and communication style, have been limited by such methodologic issues as self-assessment and a focus on medical students rather than practicing physicians. Objective: To compare perceptions of the interpersonal manner, empathy, and communication style of DOs and MDs and corresponding clinical measures reported by their patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with subacute or chronic low back pain was conduc...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to identify a history of both chronic LBP and PTSD as substantial risk factors for medical discharge from the US Army. PTSD and chronic LBP may mutually reinforce one another and deplete active coping strategies, making Soldiers less likely to be able to continue military service. Future research should target therapies for co-morbid PTSD and chronic LBP as these conditions contribute a substantial increase in risk of medical discharge from the US Army. PMID: 30793196 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
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